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How to Become a Counsellor: A Detailed Guide for India

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How to Become a Counsellor


We may need, or have felt the need, to talk to someone about our troubles at some point in our life. These issues may vary, but having someone with whom we can chat and share our concerns has always made a difference. Some of these issues may require the assistance of skilled specialists known as counsellors. Have you ever considered becoming one as well? Then learn how to become a counsellor in India as well as more about this profession.

This article explains what a counsellor is, the different types of counsellors, how to become a counsellor in India, a list of counselling courses in India, and much more. So, let’s go over each of these concerns one by one.

Skill Required

Counsellors need to possess a combination of technical and soft skills to effectively support their clients. Here are six technical skills that are essential for a successful counseling career:

Eligibility and Courses

Let’s get to the point: how do you become a counsellor now that you have a better understanding of what it is?

In class 12th, you can come from any stream, however Psychology should be on your list of topics (not mandatory). When dealing with the physiological and neurological components of psychology, the PCB stream may be beneficial.

The next stage in your quest is to pursue Psychology as a bachelor's degree. General psychology, abnormal psychology, counselling psychology, personality psychology, and statistics are all required for a career in counselling. You should also try to do as many internships in the field of counselling as possible to gain hands-on experience and see what a counsellor does on a daily basis. It will also indicate your commitment to the field and may put you in touch with people who may assist you in developing abilities.

A master's degree is required to develop practical knowledge in your industry and to specialise in counselling. Counseling theories, social and cultural diversity challenges in counselling, career development and counselling, research methodologies, and much more will be covered. In order to get the degree, you'll also need to complete internships and dissertation work. Entrance examinations or your graduation grades, together with an interview, will determine your admission to several universities. Many universities allow you to study psychology for your master's degree even if you did not study it as an undergraduate.

A 1-year diploma in guiding and counselling is an additional step you can take to further hone your counselling skills. This course is offered by a variety of institutions to help you refine your counselling skills and earn practical knowledge and certification in the field. These certificate courses are especially useful for persons who do not have a master's degree in psychology but want to pursue a profession in counselling. Make sure the course you're taking is approved by the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI).

Top colleges

Psychology courses are available in various colleges and universities across India for those interested in becoming counsellors.

The following are the top colleges in India:

College NameLocation
Harvard UniversityCambridge, USA
University of OxfordOxford, UK
Stanford UniversityStanford, USA
University of CambridgeCambridge, UK
University of California, BerkeleyBerkeley, USA

Job Profiles

Individuals can seek aid and direction from a variety of counsellors, as stated below. Take a peek at the varieties of counsellors available:

Job TitleDescription
School CounselorProvides academic, career, and personal/social counseling to students in a school setting. Assists students with academic planning, emotional support, and conflict resolution. Collaborates with teachers and parents to address student needs.
Mental Health CounselorOffers therapy and support to individuals dealing with mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, and trauma. Conducts assessments, develops treatment plans, and facilitates individual or group therapy sessions. Works in various settings including hospitals, clinics, and private practice.
Substance Abuse CounselorSpecializes in helping individuals struggling with addiction or substance abuse issues. Provides counseling, support, and education to clients and their families. Develops treatment plans, conducts therapy sessions, and may coordinate referrals to support groups or rehabilitation programs.
Career CounselorAssists individuals in exploring career options, making career decisions, and planning career paths. Administers career assessments, provides guidance on resume writing and job search strategies, and offers support during career transitions. Works in schools, colleges, career centers, and private practice.
Marriage and Family TherapistFocuses on helping couples and families resolve conflicts, improve communication, and strengthen relationships. Conducts therapy sessions to address marital issues, family dynamics, and interpersonal challenges. Provides guidance on coping strategies, conflict resolution techniques, and effective communication skills.




Q1: What is Special Education?

A1: Special Education is individualized training for children with a variety of physical and mental disabilities.

Q2: Who needs Special Education?

Q2: Children with a variety of physical and mental disabilities need Special Education.

Q3: What are the career opportunities in Special Education?

A3: Special Education provides career opportunities such as teaching, instruction, and curriculum development.

Q4: What is the role of a Special Education Teacher?

A4: A Special Education Teacher’s role is to teach and engage children with a variety of difficulties.

Q5: What is the average income of a Special Education Teacher in India?

A5: The average monthly income of a Special Education Teacher in India is roughly INR 27,700.

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