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How to Become a Professor in India: A Comprehensive Guide

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How to Become a Professor


How to Become a Professor in India? A professor is a scholar who teaches in colleges and universities and holds a PhD or comparable degree. Professors are experts in a wide range of academic subjects and fields, and they frequently do unique research in their specialty. Candidates must complete a PhD in a relevant topic from a recognised university in order to become a Professor. In order to become a Professor, candidates must possess certain professional qualities, such as communication skills, interpersonal skills, the ability to explain and explore new concepts, and so on.

Admission to PhD programmes is based on admission tests such as the UGC NET, CSIR, and others. Candidates must pass GD/PI rounds after passing the entrance tests in order to be considered for any PhD programme. The usual course cost is between INR 20,000 and INR 1,50,000. In India, individuals can choose from a number of PhD colleges to complete their studies on How to Become a Professor.

In most nations, a professor is regarded as the highest-ranking teacher. A professor’s average compensation in India is around INR 5.11 LPA, however it can reach up to INR 35 LPA based on experience and type of institution. Furthermore, a professor’s monthly income in India ranges from INR 40,000 to INR 90,000. This concludes our discussion on How to Become a Professor.

Skill Required

Here are four technical skills and three IT skills that are essential for anyone who wants to become a successful professor.

Technical Skills

IT Skills

Eligibility and Courses

If you want to be a professor, there are a few things you should think about. It begins with decision-making and concludes with a doctorate. Here are the stages a student should follow while deciding on a field:

After passing their board examinations, students must decide on their Bachelor's degree course of study.

Students interested in becoming professors have the option of selecting a specific subject of interest. Science, Arts, Commerce, Management, Technology, and other fields are also available. They can participate in internship programmes to strengthen their academic abilities and expertise while obtaining their undergraduate degree.

Candidates who have completed their undergraduate studies can pursue a master's degree in the suitable discipline in order to work as a Professor. A master's degree is required for those who want to teach as a Professor in community colleges, while a doctorate is required for those who want to train as a Professor in B-School Universities and institutions.

Students interested in becoming professors in the future might apply for an Assistantship programme. They are given the opportunity to work under the supervision of their superiors. Students will get the opportunity to observe and participate in the teaching process as well as engage on research projects.

Students should have post-doctoral experience, which tends to be beneficial in their professional path, in order to flourish as a Professor working in reputable and top-rank universities and colleges.

After earning a Master's degree, students must take entrance exams such as UGC-NET, CSIR UGC NET, GATE, and others. Candidates must be well-versed in the most recent syllabus and examples.


Some of the courses available to a candidate are listed below:

PhD Science

PhD Science entails research and study in any of the sciences, including physics, chemistry, biology, and others. This course is open to anyone with a master’s degree or a master’s degree in technology.

PhD in Commerce and Management

PhD Commerce and Management is a specialised degree in finance, banking, management, economics, and other related fields.

Ph.D. in Engineering

PhD Engineering entails the study of engineering-related areas like EEE, ECE, IT, and CSE, among others. This course is suitable for candidates with an engineering background.

Ph.D. in Arts

PhD Arts is a specialised research topic that focuses on the study of arts, social science, and humanities-related subjects such as English, literature, psychology, and geography, among others.

Entrance Exam

The majority of doctoral admissions are based on entrance tests. Few universities, on the other hand, admit students primarily on academic merit followed by personal interviews. Below mentioned are some exams which you can opt for:

  • GPAT
  • GATE

Top Recruiters

  1. After obtaining the necessary qualifications, aspirants might begin their teaching career as a Lecturer and Demonstrator or as an Assistant Professor.
  2. After gaining minimum required experience and meeting requirements such as minimum required publications, API score, and other criteria, Assistant Professors are promoted or may apply for the position of Associate Professor at a different university.
  3. After 12/14 years of teaching/research experience and the publication of a certain number of books/research papers, an Associate Professor is promoted to Professor
  • Lecturer/Demonstrator
  • Assistant Professor
  • Associate Professor
  • Professor

Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters for professors in India include prestigious universities such as the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs), and Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISERs), as well as government organizations such as the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).



Q1: What are the educational requirements to become a Professor in India?

A1: PhD or equivalent degree.

Q2: How can I prepare for admission to PhD programs?

A2: Pass entrance tests, prepare for GD/PI.

Q3: What are the key skills required to become a successful professor?

A3: Research, teaching, writing, organization, IT proficiency.

Q4: What are the steps involved in becoming a professor in India?

A4: Decision-making, graduate degree, assistantship, PhD, entrance tests, teaching experience, certification.

Q5: What are some top colleges in India for pursuing a career as a professor?

A5: IIT, IIM, IISER, NIT, University of Delhi, JNU.

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