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Differences between C and C++ Programming Languages: The Ultimate Guide

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In the world of coding, C and C++ are like two sturdy pillars, each with its own strengths and uses. Imagine them as tools in a programmer’s toolbox. Now, understanding the difference between C and C++ programming languages is like knowing when to pick a wrench or a screwdriver – it helps developers make smart choices in their coding adventures. Let’s explore these differences to make the coding journey a bit less like a maze and more like a well-lit path.

C – The Foundation: Imagine C as the seasoned veteran in the coding world. Developed by Dennis Ritchie in the early 1970s at Bell Labs, it’s like the reliable foundation of a building. C is a procedural programming language, meaning it’s really good at giving clear instructions step by step. This makes it perfect for tasks like talking directly to a computer’s hardware, which is essential for things like system-level programming and working with embedded systems.

C++ – Evolving with Objects: Now, think of C++ as C’s modern and versatile cousin. Bjarne Stroustrup extended C in 1979 to create C++. It’s not just about following steps; it introduces a cool thing called object-oriented programming (OOP). This adds a new layer to coding, bringing in concepts like classes, objects, and polymorphism. In simpler terms, C++ is like C with some extra superpowers. These superpowers make the code more organized and reusable, like having a toolkit for different kinds of projects.

Difference between C and C++: So, in a nutshell, the big difference between C and C++ is how they approach coding. C is like the straightforward builder, giving clear instructions one after the other. On the other hand, C++ is like the builder with a creative streak, using objects and classes to make the code more organized and flexible. Understanding these foundations helps us navigate the coding landscape better, knowing when to go for simplicity (C) or when to add a bit of flair (C++).

Differences Between C and C++ Programming Languages

C Programming Language:

  • Applications: C is widely applicable and has been used for various tasks.
  • Versatility: It’s a clearly defined language suitable for practically any task.
  • Machine-Independence: C is machine-independent, making it adaptable across different systems.
  • Usage Examples: Developed applications include Windows, Linux, mobile kernels, and databases like Oracle over the past 50 years.
  • Influence: C, being a low-level programming language, has significantly influenced the development of languages such as Java.

C++ Programming Language:

  • Similarities with C: C++ shares similarities with C and can compile nearly 99% of C applications without modification.
  • General-Purpose: C++ is a general-purpose programming language suitable for a wide range of applications.
  • Prominent Usage: It’s extensively used in applications like Spotify, YouTube, Microsoft Office, Google Chrome, and Amazon.

Key Differences between C and C++:

  1. Level of Abstraction:

    • C: Low-level with direct hardware interaction.
    • C++: Retains low-level capabilities but introduces higher abstraction through object-oriented programming (OOP).
  2. Programming Paradigm:

    • C: Procedural programming paradigm, focusing on functions and structured programming.
    • C++: Encompasses both procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms, introducing classes and objects.
  3. Code Reusability:

    • C: Code tends to be less reusable without the structure provided by classes and objects.
    • C++: Promotes code reusability through the use of classes and objects.
  4. Memory Management:

    • C: Manual memory management with functions like malloc() and free().
    • C++: Introduces features like constructors and destructors for more automatic memory management.
  5. Use Cases:

    • C: Commonly used for system programming, embedded systems, and tasks with direct hardware interaction.
    • C++: Versatile and employed in a broader range of applications, including large-scale software projects, game development, and web browsers.
  6. Compatibility:

    • C: Code in C is often more portable across different systems and compilers.
    • C++: While it can compile most C code, additional features may impact portability compared to pure C.

Example: Consider a graphics library:

  • In C: Procedural functions to draw shapes.
  • In C++: Create classes like “Circle” and “Rectangle” for a more organized and reusable code structure.

Conclusion: The choice between C and C++ depends on the project’s nature. For low-level control and simplicity, C might be preferred, while C++ is powerful for projects requiring a higher level of abstraction, code organization, and reuse. Understanding these differences helps developers make informed decisions based on project requirements.


Candidates with extensive understanding of  C++ and C programming have bright prospects and several options. If you’re unfamiliar with the field of C/C++ programming, you’ve come to the correct place. Here, we’ll look at the several options available to someone who possesses the necessary skills in the C/C++ programming language. Here are some of the features which will benefit the candidates in the C and C++ Online Course.

Candidates can complete both the C++ and C Programming Course in 26.5 hours. There will be recorded video sessions which have been instructed by our expert mentors. You will learn everything from scratch about both programming languages. 

The C and C++ Online Training will be available to the candidates in Hindi language so that the candidates understand all the topics without any language barrier. 

There will be doubt clearing sessions conducted every week so that the candidates can solve all the doubts they have and continue the course with ease. 

On completion of the C and C++ Programming Online Course, candidates will be given a ISO Certification which will highlight your resume over the other applicants for the interviews and recruitments.

All with all these benefits, candidates will also have a lifetime access to the courses they have enrolled for so that they can come back and refer to the modules if stuck.


Once candidates have completed the C++ and C Programming Language Online Video Course, they will be awarded with an ISO Approved Certificate which will help you stand out from the competition during placements and recruitments. 

This C++ and C Online Training Certificate will be awarded to the candidates at the end of the course. If at all the candidates could not complete the course, no certificate will be provided.  

Why opt for the C & C++ Programming Language Online Course?

We all know that there are situations where either C or C++ is the better choice among the various programming languages choices which we have.

C++ is by far the most widely used programming language in the world. As previously said, many programming positions in the workforce demand C++ proficiency to be considered.

Many applications are written wholly in C++, whereas programmes written solely in C are uncommon. Even operating systems based on C are known to leverage C++ in other areas to add complexity and features.

If you’re new to coding, the skills you’ll acquire from object-oriented C++ can be applied to other languages, including Java, JavaScript, and Python.

Career Prospects

When it comes to Computer Science, practically everyone today is at least familiar with the terms “C and C++ programming.” Even those with a non-technical background are familiar with these languages. The foundation of the Information Technology sector began with basic languages such as C and C++. C continues to rule the industries even after several decades of its introduction.

Some of the job position which the C and C++ programmers can opt for are:

As a C and C++ programmer, your pay is determined by your skill level, certifications, and experience. Implementing complicated data structures and algorithms in C/C++ provides you a distinct advantage over someone who only understands the language’s basic syntax and operation.

The pay scale for a C and C++ programmer in India ranges from 2 lakhs to 30 lakhs per year. A newbie who has completed a 2-3 month C programming certification course is likely to be employed by a small business. His annual salary would most likely be about 2 lakhs.


There are several benefits which the candidates will have learning with us. We provide one of the best C Programming Courses and the top C++ Course. 

If you are eager to learn both C++ and C Programming Languages, HRISHI ONLINE BIDDHI got you all covered with the bundle course and career counselling which we are providing you with. Taught by industry experts this C++ and C Programming Online Course will help you get a step further to entering the software industry. Enroll in today and avail all the benefits along with great deals on the courses.


What are the main differences between C and C++?

C is a procedural programming language, while C++ is a multi-paradigm language that supports both procedural and object-oriented programming. C++ introduces concepts such as classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism, and encapsulation, which are not present in C.

Can C++ run C code?

Yes, C++ is almost a superset of C, which means most C code can run in a C++ environment. However, because C++ has more reserved keywords and different operators, some C programs might require adjustments to compile successfully in C++.

How does the handling of memory differ between C and C++?

Both C and C++ provide manual memory management capabilities. However, C++ introduces automatic memory management features like constructors and destructors, and operators new and delete for dynamic memory allocation, which provide a more structured approach to memory management compared to C's malloc() and free().

Are there any differences in the way functions are handled in C and C++?

C supports procedural programming, so it mainly relies on functions. C++ supports both functions and methods (functions defined inside classes). Additionally, C++ allows function overloading, where multiple functions can have the same name with different parameters, a feature not available in C.

How do C and C++ handle input and output operations differently?

C uses standard input and output functions such as printf() and scanf(), while C++ uses a more sophisticated stream-based input/output model through the iostream library, utilizing cin, cout, cerr, etc., which are more flexible and easier to use for various types of data.

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To encourage the continuity of education for several students at home Hrishi Computer Education has a digital learning program – HRISHI ONLINE BUDDHI.

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