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How to Become a Biologist : Comprehensive Guide to Launching Your Career

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How to Become biologist


Biology is a field of science that studies life, living organisms, and their vital processes in great detail. If you’re wondering how to become a biologist, it’s important to understand that Biology is concerned with human evolution, genetics, cell biology, reproduction, diseases, and treatment, among other things. It’s a diverse field that incorporates a variety of subjects and branches. Biology as science has opened up a plethora of possibilities for students. The field also substantially aided individuals in improving their lives and the environment around them.

The potential for development in the discipline of biology has attracted a large number of students to enroll in this course and pursue a career as a biologist. If you’re considering how to become a biologist, you should know that Biology is becoming more popular as a course with each passing year. Biology is a broad science with several subfields, each with its specialization and career options. Biology courses provide doctors, biologists, scientists, researchers, environmentalists, and many other professionals who work to improve our lives.

The medical and health industry is one of India’s and the world’s most important industries. Biology students have a good possibility of earning large jobs in the health industry, both in India and overseas. Exceptionally talented students may be hired for the first time at AIIMS and other prestigious institutions across the world. So, if you’re thinking about how to become a biologist, this could be a promising path for you.

Skills Required

Eligibility and Courses





Firstly, the candidates should have studied and passed class 12 from a recognized board.

Now, the candidates should pursue a bachelor’s degree in Biology like B.Sc. and related degrees.

The candidates can also pursue a PG degree to get more specialization in the field.

The candidates have the option to pursue Ph.D. in biology.

The candidate should try to maintain at least 50-60% to get admission into the college.

The candidate should try to maintain a good GPA for getting a good PG college or placement.

The candidate should try to maintain a good GPA for getting a good PG college or placement.

For a successful placement, the candidate should attempt to keep a decent GPA.

The candidate should study science or biology in class 12th.

They can study B.Sc. in Biological Sciences/B.Sc. (Hons) in Biology. After that, they can use PG Degree.

They can study M.Sc. in Applied Biology/M.Sc. in Environmental Science.

They can study Ph.D. in Biological Sciences/Ph.D. in Plant Molecular Biology.

Best Courses after 12th Science Biology-

Undergraduate courses

Postgraduate courses


B.Sc. in Biology

M.Sc. in Biology

Ph.D. in Biology

B.Sc. in Biological Sciences

M.Sc. in Applied Biology

Ph.D. in Biological Sciences

B.Sc. (Hons) in Biology

M.Sc. in MicroBiology

Ph.D. in Plant Molecular Biology


M.Sc. in Environmental Science


M.Sc. in Wildlife Biology

Top Colleges

College Name


Christ College


Indian Institue of Technology

Various Locations in India



Delhi University (DU)


St. Xavier’s College, University of Mumbai


Loyola College


Jawaharlal Nehru University


Indian Institue of Science


Madras Christian College


Aligarh Muslim University

Uttar Pradesh

Internships for the students studying Biology-

Internship job experience will be extremely beneficial to you when you graduate. You’ll have to compete against a lot of people. You should get an internship to help you stand out from the crowd. Getting an internship in biology is interesting since there are so many different biologies to choose from. 

Internships in biology can offer you a wealth of experience. It will offer you a realistic idea of what working in biology will be like in the future. Biology Internships are a great opportunity for Biology Students to acquire experience in a professional setting. Furthermore, you will spend more time working for a firm.

Entrance Exams

Exam Name

Conducting Body


Exam Mode

JNU CEEB (Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Entrance Examination for Biotechnology)

Jawaharlal Nehru University 

3 hours

Online (Computer Based Test)

IIT JAM (Indian Institute of Technology Joint Admission Test for MSc)

IIT Roorkee

3 hours


AIIMS  Medical or MBBS Entrance Test

All India Institute of Medical Sciences

3 hours 30 minutes

Online (Computer Based Test)


National Testing Agency (NTA)

3 hours


Work Description

Although the career opportunity in the field is wide so is its work description. There are no specific work duties for the people working in this field. But still, we are presenting some basic routine jobs that people in this field do-

Job Profiles

Job name

Job description


Microbiologists are persons who work with microorganisms. Microbiology is the study of tiny organisms such as fungus, bacteria, and viruses. The primary goal of organism research is to create useful medications and vaccines.

Environmental Scientist

Environmental scientists research the environment in the interest of the plants, animals, and other living things that make it up to develop methods to protect them. They research pollution and other issues that are harmful to the environment to find answers and eco-friendly ways to tackle them.

Biomedical  Engineer

Biomedical engineers are individuals who create devices or artificial organs to be installed within the body to solve medical problems.


A biologist is a scientist who studies life scientifically. They are experts in analyzing the living creature they are studying.

Medical Officer

They are in charge of medical administration in hospitals and health institutions.


They respond to patients’ medical issues by reviewing their medical history, diagnosing, treating, counseling, and referring them as needed.

Forensic scientist

Forensic scientists examine, study, and test a variety of physical and chemical factors to make conclusions about a crime and its evidence. Forensic scientists investigate and develop conclusions using a variety of mathematical and scientific approaches.


Geneticists’ responsibilities include anything from treating and advising patients with hereditary diseases to conducting research. They are in charge of the development of a variety of medicinal and agricultural goods.


To create new products, they alter diverse biomolecular and cellular processes. It is one of the most lucrative jobs in biology. Biotechnologists operate in a variety of disciplines and employ live things such as bacteria and cells in their research.

Food scientist

Food scientists do research and study on the processing and safety of food items. Food scientists are in charge of a variety of tasks, including food packaging, selling newly created technology, and assuring safety compliance, among others.


Pharmacists are those who own or work in pharmacies. They provide medications based on a doctor’s prescription. Even though they only deal with sales and not prescriptions, it is a must that they have a thorough understanding of all medications and their effects.

Top Recruiters

What is the first step to become a Biologist?

The first step is to pursue a degree in Biology or a related field.

What subjects are important for a biologist?

Important subjects include Biology, Microbiology, Biochemistry, and Genetics.

What skills are needed to become a biologist?

Skills needed include laboratory skills, analytical skills, and problem-solving skills.

Where can a biologist work?

Biologists can work in research institutions, hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, and universities.

What is the job outlook for a biologist?

The job outlook is positive, with opportunities in both the public and private sectors.
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