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How to Become a Geneticist: Essential Skills, Education, and Career Paths

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How to Become a Geneticist


If you’re wondering how to become a Geneticist, you should know that genetics, the study of heredity and genetic diversity in living organisms, plays a pivotal role in promoting preventative health in India’s medical landscape. As the prevalence of chronic and non-communicable diseases rises, the importance of genetics in disease prevention becomes increasingly evident. With its potential to revolutionize healthcare, genetics is poised to emerge as a cornerstone discipline in medicine. This knowledge is crucial for those considering how to become a Geneticist.

Geneticists are scientists dedicated to unraveling the intricacies of genes across plants, animals, and humans, exploring their interactions, evolution, and replication. Graduates entering the field can expect competitive salaries ranging from INR 3 LPA to INR 8 LPA, with employment opportunities spanning the Centre for Human Genetics, healthcare sectors, and research institutions. So, if you’re thinking about how to become a Geneticist, these are some factors to consider.

Advantages of Pursuing a Career in Genetics

Embarking on a career in genetics offers numerous benefits:

  • Enhanced understanding of medical heredity and cloning procedures.
  • Diverse specializations including classical genetics, quantitative genetics, and molecular genetics.
  • Acquisition of diagnostic and therapeutic skills.
  • Improved comprehension of personal and family medical histories.

These benefits are particularly relevant for those considering how to become a Geneticist.

Eligibility and Courses





Candidates must have completed and passed a recognized class 12 examination to begin.

Candidates must now possess a Geneticists bachelor’s degree, such as a B.Sc.

Candidates may also pursue a postgraduate degree to get further knowledge in the field.

If interested, candidates can pursue a Ph.D. in Geneticists.

To get into college, the candidate should aim for a score of at least 50-60%.

Individuals should work to attain a high GPA to gain admission to a good PG college or placement.

To be admitted into a good Ph.D. college or placement, the candidate must maintain a high GPA.

To get a job, the individual should try to keep a decent GPA.

Now the candidates can study biology in class 12. After that, they can enroll in an undergraduate course.

If students choose, they can enroll in B.Sc. Genetics/B.Tech in genetic engineering programs. After that, they’ll be able to apply for a postgraduate degree.

They can pursue M.Sc. in Geneticists/M.Tech in genetic engineering.

They can pursue a Ph.D. in Genetics.

Courses to study Genetics-

Undergraduate course

Postgraduate course


B.Sc./ B.Sc. (Hons.) in Genetics

M.Sc. in Genetics

Ph.D. in Genetics

B.Tech in genetic engineering

M..Tech in genetic engineering

Course Highlights-

B.Sc. in Genetics –

Course Name

Bachelor of Science in Genetics 

Degree Level



3 years

Examination Type

Semester system

Minimum Qualification

Completed class 12th with Science or biology

Admission process

Entrance or merit-based

Employment sector

Healthcare Centres, Consultancies, Forensic Departments, Testing Labs, Hospitals, Pharmaceuticals industry

M.Sc. in Genetics –

Course Name

Master of Science in Genetics 

Degree Level



2 years

Minimum Qualification

B.Sc. in Genetics 

Examination Type

Semester system

Admission process

Entrance or merit-based

Ph.D. in Genetics –

Course Name

Ph.D. in Genetics 

Degree Level



3 – 4Years

Minimum Qualification

Post-graduation in Genetics 

Examination Type

Semester System

Admission process

Based on shortlisted candidates’ performance in the round of interviews.

Employment sector

Educational Institutions, Clinical Labs, Research Centers, Healthcare centers, Human Genome Projects, Life science centers, etc.

Top Colleges

College name


Aligarh Muslim University


Birla Institute of Technology and Science


Delhi University (DU)


Banaras Hindu University


Presidency college


Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology


Amity University


Jawaharlal Nehru University


Jamia Milia Islamia University


Internships for people studying genetics-

For individuals who desire to pursue a career as a geneticist, there are several internship options accessible. Internships can help a person gain a career in the genetics field by providing practical experience. Get to know all of the strategies utilized in the industry; after you’ve done that, you can be confident that the job you’ve always wanted isn’t far away. If given the chance to work in both industry and academics, so that they may compare the two and select where they want to work. 

The person decides to volunteer with groups that focus on genetic research or providing assistance to persons who have hereditary illnesses. Internships might help you set the groundwork for your future career. As a consequence, choosing internships that are related to your interests is essential.

Internships are beneficial because they give students hands-on experience working with businesses and organizations that they are interested in. Someone with internships and experience is far more likely to be hired than someone with a simple CV and no experience.

Entrance Exams

Exam name

Conducting Body

Level of exam


DSAT (Dayanand Sagar Admission Test)

Dayanand Sagar University (DSU), Bangalore

National Level

Both Online/Offline (pen and paper-based)

BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test)

BITS Pilani

National Level Exam

Computer-based Test

AMUEEE (Aligarh Muslim University Engineering Entrance Examination)

Aligarh Muslim University

University Level Exam


JET (Jain Entrance Test)

Jain University

University Level

Online and Offline

JNUEE (Jawaharlal Nehru University Entrance Exam)

National Testing Agency

University Level


SRMJEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)

SRM University

University Level Exam


BHU PET ( Banaras Hindu University Postgraduate Entrance  Test)

Banaras Hindu University



Offline (Pen and Paper-based)

Job Profiles

Job name

Job description


Cytogeneticists or Cytogenetic Technologists prepare and preserve biological samples for chromosomal examination, such as blood, amniotic fluids, bone marrow, and malignancies.


Quality control, new concepts, and quality certification are all things that bio-technician deal with.


Biophysicists are in charge of determining how medicines, food, hormones, serums, and other chemicals affect tissues and vital processes in living beings.

Clinical Geneticist

Clinical geneticists are doctors who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders. They may also be involved in a variety of laboratory-based duties about these illnesses.

Plant breeder

A plant breeder is someone who studies seed properties and tries to enhance plant characteristics. Plant breeders conduct scientific research on plants and crop-based agriculture to enhance plant breeding techniques and create new crop strains.

Forensic DNA Analyst

Criminal investigation sections of different government and private entities hire geneticists. Their job entails analyzing biological samples for the presence or absence of certain DNA.


An epidemiologist investigates illnesses via field research, surveys, observation, and investigations, as well as the collecting and analysis of health data.

Research Geneticist

Research geneticists work mostly in government organizations’ research and development divisions, commercial laboratories, and other healthcare facilities. Their study is primarily focused on improving human, animal, and plant knowledge and treatment of diverse hereditary traits.

Medical Technologist

Biological, hematological, chemical, immunologic, bacteriological, and microscopic tests are all performed by medical technologists. In addition, in their research, they concentrate on establishing methods and tests.

Genetic counselor

A genetic counselor’s job is to offer support and information to raise awareness of various hereditary illnesses. They are responsible for overseeing the treatment of persons with genetic diseases as well as advising patients with such issues.

Assistant Professor

Their function in society is to mold pupils’ educational careers. Geneticists can work in universities and colleges as full-time or part-time teachers.

Employment sector for the people studying Genetics-

Geneticists are highly skilled specialists who work in a variety of fields. The following are some of the industries where they can work:

  1. Healthcare 
  2. Research centers 
  3. Agriculture sector 
  4. Laboratories 
  5. Animal care center

What is Genetics?

It’s the study of heredity and genetic diversity in living organisms.

What do Geneticists do?

They unravel the intricacies of genes across plants, animals, and humans.

What skills are required to become a Geneticist?

Prospective students should exhibit requisite skills sought after by leading medical professional entities.

Where can Geneticists work?

They can work in the Centre for Human Genetics, healthcare sectors, and research institutions.

How to become a Geneticist?

By studying genetics and choosing from a wide range of career opportunities in the field.
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