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How to Become an Oceanographer: Career Guide & Requirements

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How to Become an Oceanographer


How to Become an Oceanographer? This question often arises when discussing oceanography, the study of oceans and the processes occurring within them. It’s also referred to as marine science or oceanology. The course covers the study of the ocean floor, ocean currents, waves, marine animals, plate tectonics, ecosystem analysis, fluid dynamics, and other relevant subjects. It encompasses anything related to the ocean. So, How to Become an Oceanographer? Let’s delve deeper.

Scientists specializing in the ocean are called oceanographers. They engage in activities such as mineral extraction, shipping, fishing, coastal development, weather prediction, and climate change. Oceanographers spend significant time on ships, coastal bases, and laboratories, interpreting data to minimize harmful effects on oceans. Thus, understanding How to Become an Oceanographer can be a rewarding journey.

Career Opportunities in Oceanography

Career opportunities exist in both public and private sectors. With the escalating concern over global warming, the demand for professionals knowledgeable in marine science has surged. How to Become an Oceanographer is a question many are asking as oceanographers can work in diverse sectors, including conservation and the oil industry. Job responsibilities vary based on specialization, driven by the need to safeguard the environment and manage water resources.

Skills Required

Eligibility and Courses





To begin, candidates must have finished and passed a recognized class 12 test.

Candidates must now possess an Oceanography bachelor’s degree, such as a B.Sc in Geology/Zoology/Botany/Microbiology or B.Tech.

Candidates may also pursue a postgraduate degree to get further knowledge in the field.

If interested, candidates can pursue a Ph.D. in Oceanography.

To get into college, the candidate should aim for a score of at least 50-60%.

Individuals should try for a high GPA to get accepted into a good PG college or placement.

The candidate must maintain a high GPA to be accepted into a suitable Ph.D. college or placement.

To get a job, the individual should try to keep a decent GPA.

Now the candidates can study biology in class 12. After that, they can enroll in an undergraduate course.

If students choose, they can enroll in B.Sc. in Geology/Zoology/Botany/Microbiology or B.Tech programs. After that, they’ll be able to apply for a postgraduate degree.

They can pursue M.Sc. or M.Tech. in Oceanography.

They can get a Ph.D. in Oceanography if they want to.

Oceanography Courses-

Undergraduate courses

Postgraduate courses


B.Sc. in Biology/Physics/Chemistry/Geology/Zoology/Botany/Microbiology

M.Sc. in Oceanography

Ph.D. in Oceanography

Bachelors of Technology (B.Tech.)

M.Tech. in Ocean engineering

M.Phil. in Oceanography

Top Colleges

College name


Cochin University of Science and Technology


Alagappa University

Tamil Nadu

Goa University


Indian Institue of Technology (IIT)


Annamalai University

Tamil Nadu

National Institue of Oceanography


Andhra University

Andhra Pradesh

Behrampur University


University of Kerala


Techno India University

West Bengal

Internships for Oceanographers-Internships can help you learn how to become an oceanographer by exposing you to the industry and guiding you through the process. Oceanographers investigate the influence of the environment on groups of marine creatures and vice versa using their research abilities. Internship positions may be found on a variety of job boards, where recruiters are looking for the finest candidates. The internship is also open to students in their last year of college.

Some of the advantages of an Oceanography internship are as follows:

  • You should like what you’re doing. An internship also allows you to see if you love the work.
  • The majority of people believe that collaborating with others in your field is vital. An internship may help you accomplish just that, and it’s the quickest way to meet new people in your field.
  • Someone with internships and experience has a far better chance of being recruited than someone with a simple CV and no experience.

Entrance Exams

Exam Name

Conducting Body

Level of Exam

Mode of exam

AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test )

Directorate of Admission Andhra University

State Level

Offline Mode

CUCET (Central Universities Common Entrance Test)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

National level

Online mode

IIT JAM (Indian Institute of Technology Joint Admission Test for MSc)

IIT Roorkee

National level

Online mode

GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering)

IIT Kharagpur

All India Level

Computer-based Test (Online)

Job Profiles

Job name

Job description


Their responsibilities include researching ocean physical characteristics such as temperature, waves, tides, ocean currents, and more. Oceanographers come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

Biological Oceanographers

Biological oceanographers investigate marine environments, as well as aquatic plants and animals’ biological processes. They do a study on marine plants and animals, conduct environmental studies, travel to the ocean, conduct experiments, collect data, and maintain track of the behaviors of aquatic creatures and plants.

Marine Biology

The study of biological processes in aquatic settings is known as marine biology. Marine biologists investigate the ocean mechanisms that influence marine life production and dispersion.

Ocean Freight Manager

Under the supervision of managers, they plan operations, organize, direct, and control, as well as evaluate the activities of transportation firms such as shipping lines and trucking companies across seas.

Physical Oceanographers

Satellite technology is used by physical oceanographers to investigate the flow of water and the factors that drive it to move. They also look at how the ocean interacts with the land, the atmosphere, weather, climate, water density, temperature, salinity, undersea formations.

Marin Policy experts

To establish guidelines and regulations for the smart use of the ocean and coastal resources, marine policy specialists integrate their expertise in oceanography and social sciences. A background in at least one of the social sciences is required for studies in marine policy.

Geological Oceanographers

They research the seafloor’s structures, composition, and history. They look at size, shape, color, weight, age, chemical properties, origin, distribution, and movement of sediment in great detail. They collaborate with biologists and chemical oceanographers regularly.

Marine Archeologists

They are involved in the methodical recovery and study of material evidence from previous human life and culture that is currently buried by the water, such as shipwrecks, burials, houses, tools, and ceramics.

Chemical Oceanographers

Chemical oceanographers study the production of seawater, seabed sediments, chemical compound interactions, and how biological, geological, and physical processes impact the ocean’s chemistry. They’re also looking at the effects of contaminants on seawater and marine life.

Maintenance Assistant

Maintenance, diagnosing, repairing, and modifying electrical and other building systems and equipment are all part of the job.

Top Recruiters

Professionals in this sector have a plethora of job options. Oceanographers can work in both the public and private sectors. The following are some top companies that hire oceanographers-

  1. Meteorological Survey of India
  2. Geological Survey of India
  3. Department of Oceanography
  4. Marine Industries
  5. Weather Forecast Department
  6. Manufacturers of Marine Equipments
  7. Energy Supply Organizations
  8. Oil, Gas, and Water Industry
  9. Industrial Research Laboratories
FAQs on How to Become Oceanography

What is Oceanography?

It’s the study of oceans and their processes.

What do Oceanographers do?

They study ocean phenomena and interpret data to minimize harmful effects on oceans.

Where can Oceanographers work?

They can work in both public and private sectors, including conservation and the oil industry.

Why is Oceanography important?

It helps us understand and protect our oceans, which are vital for life on Earth.

How to become an Oceanographer?

You typically need a degree in marine science or a related field, and often, advanced study is required.
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