Food Science And Technology

How to Become a Food Scientist: Your Step-by-Step Guide

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How to Become a Food Scientist: Your Step-by-Step Guide

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Food Science And Technology


Food technology, a fascinating field of science, delves into the intricacies of manufacturing, processing, preservation, packing, labeling, quality control, and distribution of food. This discipline utilizes science, including chemistry, biology, engineering, nutrition, and microbiology, to enhance food safety and accessibility. For those keen on entering the realm of food technology, various courses are available at undergraduate, graduate, doctoral, and diploma levels in India. The expertise gained from these courses opens doors to diverse settings such as restaurants, catering enterprises, hospitals, and food processing firms.

Skills Required

IT Skills

Eligibility and Courses

Stream Under-graduation or Diploma Post-graduation PG Diploma or P.hD.
The candidate should clear class 12th from any educational board. You can apply for a bachelor’s degree in food science and technology. Or else candidates can go for a diploma course in food science and technology. For more specialization, candidates can enroll themselves in a master’s degree in a relevant specialization field. A one-year postgraduate diploma is also an option to pursue a career in food science and technology.
To take admission in higher studies, select Biology as the main subject. This graduation degree makes you eligible for further studies, or you can take up the job as well. A post-graduation degree will make you eligible for a job in a specialized food technology field. A postgraduate diploma qualifies you for work in the specialized subject of food science and technology.
Try to gain at least 50% marks minimum. Try to get at least 55% marks. Try to maintain good results to get good placements. To acquire good placements, try to keep decent grades.

Top Colleges

College name Location
Mahatama Gandhi University Kottayam
St. Xaviers College Mumbai
Indian Institue of Technology (IIT) Different Locations in India
Andhra University Andhra Pradesh
NIMS University Jaipur
Vellore Institute of Technology Vellore
Delhi Technology University (DTU) Delhi
Anna University Chennai
HITS Chenna
Lovely Professional University Jalandhar
SRMIST - SRM Institute of Science and Technology Chennai

Entrance Exams

National Level

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Twice a year
JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year
IIFT Exam National testing agency (NTA) 2 hours Once a year
GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year

Other Common Entrance Exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Level of Exam Duration Frequency
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission) BITS Pilani University-Level 3 Hours Once a year
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board State-Level 2 hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore University-Level 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology University Level 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) State-level 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority State-Level 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University State-Level 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year

Job Profiles

Job Name Job Description
Quality Control Inspector A Quality Management Inspector performs inspections, reporting, and operational activities to support the success of their company's supply chain.
Organic chemist Organic chemists specialize in studying and analyzing carbon-based compounds. Organic molecules must be characterized, produced, and used by chemists. They also do calculations and chemical reactions to improve the quality of the meal.
Food Technologist They operate in the food processing business, assisting in the production of nutrient-dense, safe, and convenient foods. They work hard to develop better food preservation procedures, as well as better production and packaging processes. Assists the government with food labeling to verify that it complies with cleanliness and safety requirements.
Quality Assurance Manager Quality Assurance Managers assist firms in establishing quality standards for goods and employees. They must assess data to create strategies to recruit, motivate, and empower personnel while continuing to improve procedures and product quality.
Production manager The production manager keeps an eye on the food processing equipment and processes. At plants, employees are watched and product quality is regulated. A food production manager ensures that employees and systems follow state and federal guidelines.
Biochemist Biochemists research living forms, their functions, and how chemical processes affect them. They conduct research, conduct experiments, and record data to improve our understanding of life, death, and everything in between.
Purchasing manager The role of the Purchasing Manager is to plan and support the work of buyers and experts. They are well-known for guaranteeing that their company obtains the highest quality and quantity of food raw materials.
RD Manager The research and development (RD) manager have a wide range of responsibilities. They are in charge of researching, creating, and implementing new systems and protocols, as well as managing the development of new products in their company or organization.
Analytical scientist Analytical scientists examine a substance's chemical structure and nature. They have abilities that are useful in several situations. Toxicology, pharmacology, and forensics are just a few of the fields in which they specialize.
Dietician Dieticians are in charge of maintaining excellent dietary health and treating medical problems by developing patient-specific eating plans based on nutrition research. Whether they are pursuing an undergraduate or postgraduate degree, they may be eligible for NHS financing.



To pursue a career in food science and technology, you can enroll in undergraduate or diploma programs after clearing class 12th.

Essential skills include food chemistry, microbiology, sensory analysis, data analysis, and IT skills.

Yes, postgraduate degrees in food science and technology offer specialization in relevant

National-level exams include JEE Mains, JEE Advanced, IIFT Exam, and GATE. There are also state-level exams like WBJEE and UPCET.


Some well-known recruiters in the food technology field include MTR Foods Limited, Amul, Dabur India Ltd, and Coca-Cola India Limited.


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