Food and Agriculture
Trending Career BLOGS

Your Guide to the scope and Importance of horticulture

Share this post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on pinterest
Share on email
Importance of horticulture


Horticulture, the most traditional agricultural sector, is an applied science that deals with fruits, vegetables, and decorative flowers. Horticulturists work with plants to improve their quality, production, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects through cultivation and propagation. The importance of horticulture is now being recognized as one of the most rapidly developing agricultural industries. Unlike large-scale animal husbandry or crop cultivation, horticulture is seen as a more advantageous alternative for studies than Agriculture.

Horticulture courses are available both online and in person. These courses, now available at the graduate, postgraduate, doctorate, and diploma levels, provide an extensive understanding of the difficulties involved in plantations, nurseries, orchards, and other operations. This knowledge undoubtedly leads to a successful career in the field of Horticulture.

The importance of horticulture lies in its role in increasing land productivity, creating jobs, increasing exports, ensuring people’s nutritional security, and improving farmers’ economic situations. Successful graduates may expect to earn between INR 7000 and INR 25,000 per month on average, with pay growing with experience and abilities.

Skills Required

Technical Skills

IT Skills

In addition to these technical and IT skills, successful horticulturists must have strong communication skills, problem-solving skills, and the ability to work well with others. They must also stay up-to-date with the latest advancements in technology and horticultural practices.

Eligibility and Courses

Any educational board’s 10+2 exam must be passed by the candidate.
To pursue a career in this profession, the individual must have a bachelor’s degree.
Candidates can also pursue a master’s degree if they so want. This option does not have to be pursued necessarily.
The applicants can also pursue a Ph.D. if they so choose. It is, however, not required to do so.
Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) should be included as core courses.
They can earn a B.Tech/B.Sc. in Horticulture. To get into a post-graduate program, try to maintain a 50-60% average.
They can pursue M.Tech./M.Sc. in Horticulture.
They can pursue P.hD. in Horticulture.
On the test, the candidate should strive for a minimum score of 50-60%. They will only be eligible for a bachelor’s degree after that.
The candidate must pass the entrance examinations to enroll in a bachelor’s degree program.
To enroll in a master’s degree program, the candidate must pass the admissions tests.

Best Horticulture Courses in India-

Undergraduate course

Certificate courses

Diploma courses

Postgraduate course


B.Tech. in Horticulture 

The World of Plants: Exploring Horticulture

Diploma in Horticulture

M.Tech. in Horticulture 

Ph.D. in Horticulture 

B.Sc. in Horticulture 

The Beginner’s Guide to Vegetable Gardening

M.Sc. in Horticulture 

Top Colleges

College name


Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)

Different Locations in India

Anna University


Agricultural College and research institute


MSU – The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda


Vellore Institute of Technology


Apex University


SRM Institute of Science and Technology




Birla Institute of Technology and Science


Parul University


Delhi Technological University (DUT)


Internships for Horticulture students- Internships in horticulture are for students who want to gain job experience in a public garden with a varied staff. Manual work, exposure to inclement weather, dust, dirt, and potentially horticulture chemicals are all involved. Regular horticultural care chores such as planting, watering, weeding, and trimming are included in internships. The intern will be in charge of plant cultivation to maintain an ecologically balanced environment. They may also require the intern to conduct some own research.

 Some of the advantages of internships are as follows:

  • Internships are a great way to acquire hands-on experience.
  • It also allows students to put their academic abilities, expertise, and theoretical understanding to good use.
  • An internship is a fantastic opportunity to show a potential employer your skills, enthusiasm, and worth.
  • As an intern, you’ll have additional opportunities to network with professionals in the industry. It will assist you in your professional development.

Entrance Exams

The following is the list of entrance exams for students to take admission in dairy Technology courses

1. National entrance exam

Exam Name

Conducting Body



JEE Mains – Joint Entrance Exam Mains

National testing agency (NTA)

3 hours

Twice a year

JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced

Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)  

3 hours

Once a year

ICAR AIEEA (Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission)

National testing agency (NTA)

2 hours 30 minutes

Once a year

GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)

3 hours

Once a year

2. State-level entrance exams

Exam Name

Conducting Body



WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)

West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board

2 hours

Once a year

UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

3 hours

Once a year

KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)

Karnataka Examinations Authority

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test )

Directorate of Admission Andhra University

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

AP EMCAET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test)

JNTUK Kakinada

3 hours

Once a year

3. University-level entrance exam

Exam Name

Conducting Body



BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission)

BITS Pilani

3 Hours

Once a year

VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)

VIT University, Vellore

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)

SRM Institute of Science and Technology

2 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

Job Profiles

Job name

Job description


Horticulturists utilize scientific information to develop and nurture seeds. He’s also active in leveraging the knowledge he’s gained to give similar services to farmers and industry professionals.

Plantation manager

A Plantation Manager oversees the practices of a manufacturing plant and adopts strategies to increase output while lowering expenses. Some professions begin as production workers, develop experience, and eventually advance to the position of plant manager.

Soil Scientist

They assess the quality of soil in various geographical locations. They establish and maintain a database of soil quality and characteristics.

Technical advisors

Technical advisers are experts in a certain subject who are hired to provide thorough information and assistance to those working in that sector.


The activities of vegetable cultivation are carried out by floriculturists. Horticulture includes the cultivation of vegetables. At various levels, floriculturists can begin their careers in industry, research institutions, colleges, and other organizations. The private sector is currently in need of these employees.


Horticulture includes the field of viticulture. Viticulturists work in vineyards, studying and producing grapes for the manufacture of wine. To increase grape quality and productivity, they produce new varieties, alter current kinds, and manage pests and nutrients.


Floriculturists research how to develop leafy flowers and plants, as well as how to sell them. Their area of expertise is interior/exterior landscape planning and design for recreational spaces, parks, industrial sites, retail malls, and other projects.


Breeding technologies, tissue culture techniques, INM, IPM, and protected fruit growing techniques are all familiar to pomologists. They understand how to transfer qualitative and quantitative characteristics like taste and disease resistance.


Agronomists, often known as Crop Scientists, specialize in the development and improvement of food crops by conducting research and creating production methods.

Careers in Horticulture- The following are some fields in which the graduates of Horticulture can get a job-

  1. Nursery management of Horticultural Crops
  2. Seed Production, storage, and certification
  3. Hi-Tech horticultural crop production
  4. Greenhouse design and management
  5. Plant clinics and Horti- input marketing and management
  6. Horticultural Project Management
  7. Management Consultancies in Horticulture
  8. Horticulture Estate Management
  9. Floriculture and Landscape Architecture/ Design
  10. Post-harvest Management.

What is the importance of horticulture in agriculture?

Far far away, behind the word Mountains far from the countries Vokalia and Consonantia, there live the blind texts. Separated they live in Bookmark

What are the career prospects in horticulture?

Successful graduates can expect to earn between INR 7000 and INR 25,000 per month on average.

What does horticulture involve?

Horticulture involves working with plants to improve their quality, production, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects.

What courses are available in horticulture?

Courses are available at the graduate, postgraduate, doctorate, and diploma levels, both online and in person.

How is horticulture different from traditional agriculture?

Unlike large-scale animal husbandry or crop cultivation, horticulture focuses on fruits, vegetables, and decorative flowers.
Take Career FREE Counselling
Looking for the right job??
Didn't find the right info?? Looking for a specific topics??

Explore Career Opportunities

Scroll to Top