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Your Path to a Successful Career in Agricultural Biotechnology: Skills & Jobs

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Agricultural biotechnology, a specialized branch of agricultural research that employs scientific methods and tools, focuses on modifying living organisms like animals, plants, and microbes. Through genetic manipulation, biotechnology enhances breeders’ capabilities to improve crops and livestock, offering advancements beyond traditional breeding methods. This field plays a pivotal role in increasing agricultural yields, developing pest-resistant plants, addressing animal sickness, and refining food processing techniques.

For students aspiring to delve into agricultural biotechnology, pursuing B.Sc. or B.Tech. is a common path. Numerous colleges offer bachelor’s courses, opening doors to a variety of career opportunities in agricultural biotechnology.

Skills Required

Aspiring professionals in agricultural biotechnology should acquire a mix of technical and soft skills, including:

Tissue Culture

Tissue culture is one of the most often used methods in any biological research facility. If you’re looking for a career or a placement, tissue culture will be a very useful biotechnology skill.

Gel Electrophoresis

Gel electrophoresis is another widely utilized method in molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, and modern biotechnology. It’s an electrophoretic mobility-based method for sorting biological macromolecules.

Flow Cytometry

Another commonly utilized biotechnological technology is flow cytometry. Flow cytometry is a cell counting, sorting, and biomarker detection method that uses a laser or impedance to count, sort, and detect cells.


Problem-solving is defined by employers as the capacity to deal with tough or unexpected situations. Good problem solvers can examine a situation calmly and come up with solutions.

Time Management

The capacity to manage many tasks efficiently at the same time. Also refers to your capacity to prioritize your time so that you can finish assignments on schedule. Good time management might also suggest that you are well-organized, which is highly valued by employers.

Eligibility and Courses

For those interested in a career in agricultural biotechnology, the eligibility criteria and course options include:

Stream Graduation Post-graduation P.hD.
The candidate must have appeared in 10+2 from any educational board. The candidate should have a bachelor’s degree to pursue a career in this field. If the candidates so desire, they can also pursue a master's degree. It is not necessary to pursue this option. If the candidates so desire, they can additionally pursue a Ph.D. It is not, however, necessary to do so.
The core subjects should include Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology (PCB/PCM). They can pursue B.Tech, B.E., B.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology. Try to maintain at least 50-60% to get admission in post-graduation. They can pursue M.Tech, M.E., M.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology. They can pursue P.hD. in Agricultural biotechnology.
The candidate should aim for a minimum of 50-60 percent on the exam. Only then will they be eligible for a bachelor's degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams to get enroll in a bachelor’s degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams to get enroll in a master’s degree. --

Top Colleges

College name Location
Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) Different Locations in India
University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Pilani
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Andhra University Andhra Pradesh
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination Vellore
Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi

Entrance Exams

The candidates need to pass the entrance examination to get admission to universities or colleges.

1. National level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Twice a year
ICSR AIEEA (Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission) National testing agency (NTA) 2 hours 30 minutes Once a year
JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year
JNU CEEB (Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Entrance Examination for Biotechnology) National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year

2. State-level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

3. University-level exam

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission) BITS Pilani 3 Hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
MET (Manipal Entrance test) Manipal Academy of Higher Education 2 hours 18 minutes Once a year

Job Profiles

Job name Job description
Product development Scientist Companies that create products need development scientists to understand and regulate the processes that go into making the end product. They work on a wide range of goods in the industrial business, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, paints, and food.
Agriculture managers Agriculture managers are often employed in the dairy, crop, or animal production industries. Planning tactics/strategies for optimal output, farm administration, functioning machinery, organization of connected companies, and personnel management are all part of their responsibilities.
Agricultural Consultant Agricultural consultants or advisors provide help, solutions, and guidance to their customers to guarantee that their business or organization runs as smoothly as possible.
Entomologist An entomologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of insects. In biotechnology, entomologists are extensively involved in creating pest management techniques.
R&D Scientist The process of discovering new goods and developing them to market is known as research and development. By producing new goods to market, these two processes keep the agricultural biotechnology sector afloat. As a result, R&D scientists must research new goods and technology.
Agronomist Agronomists are agricultural scientists who work with plants to address problems including generating food, making healthier food, decreasing agriculture's environmental effect, and harvesting energy from plants. Biotechnology is used by agronomists to discover solutions to these problems.
Process Development Scientist They want to improve the efficiency of production systems. They're in charge of discovering and creating new product manufacturing processes, as well as putting in place process controls to ensure that the goods are of high quality and produced in a repeatable way.

Top Recruiters

The following are some companies that hire graduates of Agricultural biotechnology-

  1. DuPont India
  2. Rallies India Limited
  3. Nuziveedu Seeds Limited
  4. Lemken India Agro Equipments Private Limited
  5. Advanta Limited
  6. Monsanto India
  7. Poabs Organic Estates
  8. National Agro-Industry


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

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Tissue culture, gel electrophoresis, flow cytometry, problem-solving, and time management are crucial skills.

Yes, a career in agricultural biotechnology can offer international work opportunities

Some top colleges include IITs, University of Agricultural Sciences, and BITS Pilani.

While a Ph.D. is an option, it is not mandatory; a bachelor's or master's degree is sufficient.


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