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What is Robotics Engineering? Exploring Job Roles, Career Scope & Opportunities

What is Robotics Engineering


What is Robotics Engineering?” you may ask. Robotics Engineering stands at the forefront of innovation, combining electronics and mechanical engineering into a dynamic interdisciplinary field. This specialized course spans the entire spectrum of robot development, encompassing research, design, programming, operation, and modification. As we venture into the world of Robotics Engineering, a comprehensive understanding of three fundamental subjects is essential: Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering.

This evolving field is poised to revolutionize various industries in the upcoming decades, offering abundant job opportunities in sectors such as manufacturing, defense, and research. Whether you’re interested in pursuing a B.Tech or B.E. in Robotics Engineering or advancing to an M.Tech or M.E., a solid foundation in science and mathematics is paramount for prospective students.

The roles of Robotics Engineers are diverse, extending to both government and private sectors, where they contribute to the design and production of cutting-edge robotic systems. Moreover, opportunities abound for engineers to work as technicians in multinational automation firms. So, if you’re wondering “What is Robotics Engineering?” – it’s a field that’s shaping our future.

Skills Required

IT Skills

Eligibility and Courses

Internships play a crucial role in the development of aspiring electrical power engineering students. Acquiring real-life experience alongside theoretical knowledge is essential for their professional growth. While many internships within this field are typically unpaid, there are certain corporate internships that provide a stipend for the valuable contributions of the interns.

12th Standard



Doctoral programs

Any educational board’s 10+2 exam must be passed by the candidate.

To pursue a career in this field, the candidate must have a bachelor’s degree.

If the candidates desire, they can also pursue a master’s degree. It is not required to pursue this option.

The candidates can also pursue a Ph.D. if they so wish. It is, however, not required to do so.

The core subjects should include Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM).

At the B.Tech. and B.E. levels, they can study robotics engineering. Maintain a 50-60 % average to be accepted into a post-graduate program.

They can pursue M.Tech, and M.E in robotics engineering.

They can pursue PhD. in the relevant field.

The candidate should try to gain at least a minimum of 60% marks. Then, only they will become eligible for bachelor’s course

The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams like JEE, JEE Advanced, and others to get enrolled in a bachelor’s degree.

The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams like GATE and others to get enrolled in a master’s degree.

Top Colleges

College name


Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)

Different Locations in India

National Institute of Technology (NITs)

Different Locations in India

SRM Institute of Science and Technology (SRMIST)


Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT)


Roorkee Institute of Technology


Delhi Technological University (DTU)


Lovely Professional University (LPU)


Birla Institute of Technology (BITS)


AMC Engineering college


Anna University


Entrance Exams

For admission to colleges offering Robotics Engineering, candidates can take the following entrance exams:

1. National Level Exams

Exam Name

Conducting Body



JEE Mains – Joint Entrance Exam Mains

National testing agency (NTA)

3 hours

Twice a year

JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced

Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)

3 hours

Once a year

GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)

3 hours

Once a year

2. State-Level Exams

Exam Name

Conducting Body



REAP (Rajasthan Engineering Admission Process)

Rajasthan Technical University (RTU)

3 hours

Once a year

WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)

West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board

2 hours

Once a year

UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test)

National Testing Agency (NTA)

3 hours

Once a year

KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)

Karnataka Examinations Authority

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

KEAM (Kerala Engineering Agricultural Medical Entrance Exam)

Commission of Entrance Examination (CEE)

2 hours 30 minutes

Once a year

TS EAMCET (Telangana State Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test)

JNTU Hyderabad

3 hours

Once a year

AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test )

Directorate of Admission Andhra University

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

MHT CET(Maharashtra Common Entrance Test)

Maharashtra Common Entrance Test Cell

2 hours 30 minutes

Once a year

3. University-Level Exam

Exam Name

Conducting Body



BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission)

BITS Pilani

3 Hours

Once a year

VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)

VIT University, Vellore

1 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)

SRM Institute of Science and Technology

2 hour 30 minutes

Once a year

LPU NEST (Lovely Professional University National Eligibility and Scholarship Test)

Lovely Professional University

2 hour 30 minutes

Twice a year

Work Description

Robotics Engineering graduates engage in various activities within this dynamic field, including:

  1. They read, write, interpret and analyze the technical procedures and schematics.
  2. They perform complex robotics systems programming.
  3. System evaluation and calibration for maximum efficiency.
  4. They check robotics systems and applications troubleshooting.
  5. They should keep proper records and documentation.
  6. They Carry out quality control and integration tests.
  7. They use machine learning techniques.
  8. Robotics system and component research, development, and maintenance.
  9. Develop machine-making procedures that are both cost-effective and efficient.
  10. They are responsible for writing software, creating circuits, and designing mechanisms are all things I enjoy doing.

Job Profiles

Job Name

Job Description

Robotics Engineer

They are responsible for the design and maintenance of robots and their electronic systems. They work in the manufacturing industry as well as in the office. They work on robot systems, attempting to improve and improve their technology.

Robotic Process Automation Engineers

They are in charge of designing, creating, and implementing software robots, or bots, that work alongside humans to improve business process efficiency.

Robotics Technician

Their job includes troubleshooting a variety of robotic systems. They have a wide range of technical abilities and knowledge to program and fix the robot’s motions and actions, as well as the equipment, controllers, and other components.

Robotics Welding Engineer

Welding is a crucial task in the robotics industry because most of the robot’s parts are welded together. The welding process is overseen by a welding engineer.

Robotics Research Scientist

They are in charge of doing robotic system research, design, and development. They make sure the robots are dependable, safe, and economical.

Robotics Programmer

They are in charge of developing, creating, and executing robotic technology-assisted business processes. They’re also in charge of keeping track of a robot’s production.

Top Recruiters

The following are some top companies who recruit graduates of Robotics Engineering-

1. What is Robotics Engineering?

Robotics Engineering is an interdisciplinary field that integrates computer science, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering to design, create, and manage robots and robotic systems.

2. What skills are essential for a Robotics Engineer?

Key skills include proficiency in programming languages (C, C++, Python, Java), experience with CAD and ROS, strong analytical abilities, creative problem-solving, effective communication, and attention to detail.

3. What educational path is recommended for aspiring Robotics Engineers?

Prospective Robotics Engineers should aim for a B.Tech or B.E. in Robotics Engineering, followed by potential M.Tech or M.E. advancements, with a foundation in physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

4. What are the career opportunities in Robotics Engineering?

Career opportunities range from robotics engineers, technicians, and programmers to roles in robotic process automation and research within industries like manufacturing, defense, and healthcare.

5. How do Robotics Engineers contribute to industry and society?

Robotics Engineers drive innovation in various sectors by designing efficient, safe, and advanced robotic systems, improving productivity, enhancing safety, and even aiding in medical surgeries and space exploration.

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