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Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering

Introduction

Biotechnology and biomedical engineering courses are two highly interdisciplinary fields of research. These specialties can be combined, but their scope and uses are vastly different. Biotechnology provides a huge range of natural sciences, whereas biomedical engineering degree focus primarily on medicine and engineering principles. Both are new and promising fields that have made important contributions to and assisted in enhancing people’s quality of life.

Biotechnology engineering – Biotechnology is a field of research that makes use of living organisms. This research takes biological processes, such as the study of bacteria or the understanding of antibiotics. Then, they apply them to a variety of industrial applications. Biotechnology Engineering combines engineering, chemistry, genetics, biochemistry, and microbiology into a single discipline.

Biomedical engineering- Biomedical engineering has been classified as one of the country’s specialty engineering fields. It focuses on the study of engineering concepts. These concepts are then integrated with medical science principles to streamline the country’s healthcare services.

Biomedical and Biotechnology engineering requirements

The candidate must meet the basic requirements to pursue a career in this field. It is necessary to meet these requirements; otherwise, one will be unable to advance in their career. First and foremost, candidates must have completed class 12 with a minimum percentage from a recognized board. In class 12, they must take PCB. They must now pass an entrance exam and enroll in a bachelor’s degree program (B.Tech., B.E., B.Sc.). A diploma program is also available to students. It is now up to the students to decide whether they want to get a job or continue their education. Students can pursue a master’s degree in higher education (M.E., M.Tech, M.Sc). They can also enroll in P.h.D. programs.

Aside from these basic requirements, students must have both soft and technical skills. These abilities will assist candidates in standing out from the crowd. Let’s start with some soft skills for students studying biomedical and biotechnology.

  • Communication-
    They must be able to communicate effectively with others. They may also be required to share their results and research with those in charge of making the decision.
  • Math and Science skills-
    Math and science skills are at the foundation of a biomedical engineer’s skill set. Engineers do a lot of work that requires utilizing math concepts to construct designs. Then, they use the scientific method to ensure that the design can be used in biomedical research or patient treatment.
  • Research skills-
    Before moving forward with further testing, biomedical engineers conduct additional research to determine the applicability and viability of their designs. 
  • Writing skills-
    To document their findings, biomedical engineers need good reading comprehension and writing skills.

Technical Skills for Biomedical and Biotechnology engineering

The following are some technical skills or tools that every biomedical and biotechnology student-

In any biological or biomedical research lab, tissue culture is one of the most extensively utilized procedures. The tissue culture will be a highly valuable biotechnological talent to have if you are looking for a job or a placement.

In vitro, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a technique for making numerous copies of a given DNA region. PCR has a wide range of applications in modern biology, medicine, and allied domains.

In molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, and modern biotechnology, gel electrophoresis is another commonly used technique. It's a technique for sorting biological macromolecules based on their electrophoretic mobility.

The ability of proteins to attach to certain antibodies is used in Western blots, a popular molecular biology technique for detecting and analyzing proteins.

The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a popular “wet-lab” type analytic biochemistry experiment that employs a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay to detect the presence of a drug.

Flow cytometry is another widely used biotechnological tool. Flow cytometry is a laser- or impedance-based cell counting, sorting, and biomarker detection technology.

MS is an analytical technique for ionizing chemical species and sorting the ions according to their mass-to-charge ratio. For biological and biomedical research, mass spectrometry has become one of the most important analytical instruments.

Eligibility for Biomedical and Biotechnology engineering

Stream Graduation Post-graduation P.hD.
The candidate must have appeared in 10+2 from any educational board. The candidate should have a bachelor’s degree to pursue a career in this field. If the candidates desire, they can also pursue a master's degree. It is not necessary to pursue this option. If the candidates desire, they can additionally pursue a Ph.D. It is not, however, necessary to do so.
The core subjects should include Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB). They can pursue B.Tech, B.E., B.Sc. in the relevant field. Try to maintain at least 50-60% to get admission in post-graduation. They can pursue M.Tech, M.E., M.Sc. M.Phil in the relevant field. They can pursue PhD. in the relevant field.
The candidate should aim for a minimum of 50-60 percent on the exam. Only then will they be eligible for a bachelor's degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams like JEE, JEE advanced and others to get enrolled in a bachelor’s degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams like GATE and others to get enrolled in a master’s degree. --

Courses for Biomedical and biotechnology engineering

Undergraduate or Bachelor courses Diploma courses Postgraduate or Master courses
BSc in Biotechnology Diploma in bio instrumentation M.Sc. in Biotechnology
BSc in Bioinformatics Diploma/ Advanced diploma in bioInformatics M.Tech. in Biotechnology
BSc in Medical Biotechnology Diploma in biomedical engineering M.Tech or M.E. in Biochemical Engineering
B.E. or B.Tech in Biotechnology Engineering Diploma in medical imaging Masters in Medical Biotechnology
B.E. or B.Tech in Biochemical Engineering PG Diploma in biomedical engineering Masters in Applied Biotechnology
B.E. or B.Tech in Biomedical Engineering -- M.Sc or Master of Science in Life Science, Genetics, Microbiology, Biophysics
B.E. or B.Tech in Agriculture Biotechnology Engineering -- M.Tech or M.E. in Clinical Engineering

Entrance exams for Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering

The candidates need to pass the entrance examination to get admission to universities or colleges.

1. National level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Twice a year
JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year
GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year

2. State-level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

3. University-level exam

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission) BITS Pilani 3 Hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
MET (Manipal Entrance test) Manipal Academy of Higher Education 2 hours 18 minutes Once a year

Internships for Biomedical and Biotechnology students

Engineering students require a great deal of practical experience. Students nowadays choose to work and learn the most up-to-date tools available. Engineering Students might consider gaining practical knowledge from corporate specialists. Going to a company and learning practical things in a lively setting to develop their profession is a good way to gain practical knowledge. As a result, engineers should seek internships to expand their job options.

Students can participate in paid or unpaid internships depending on their interests. Internships will provide incredible work experience with professionals.

The work description

Biomedical engineering course

In biomedical engineering, the candidate needs o to perform the following day-to-day activities-

  1. They design, develop and test all aspects of medical/surgical components, equipment, and instruments.
  2. They test prototypes, collaborate with cross-functional teams.
  3. They respond to consumer complaints, analyze failure. Then, take remedial and preventive measures.
  4. They conduct your research.
  5. They install, adjust, maintain, repair, and provide all the technical support to biomedical equipment.
  6. In the case of industry contracts and proposals, report study findings through scientific publications, oral presentations, and formal papers.
  7. They demonstrate and explain proper equipment functioning to medical workers.
  8. They also design the materials required for the replacement of various body parts

Biotechnology engineering course

Job responsibilities for persons in biotechnology professions can also vary greatly depending on the position. In biotechnology engineering, the candidate needs o to perform the following day-to-day activities-

  1. Biotech engineers examine, familiarise, change, and regulate their activity to create useful goods.
  2. They can implant, improve, or entirely remove specific features to come up with solutions to pressing problems.
  3. Recently created innovative approaches, procedures, equipment, and tools let researchers operate more efficiently and less laboriously.
  4. Overseeing complex projects is their responsibility.
  5. They also do research and present it to the business world.

Top colleges for Biomedical and biotechnology engineering

College name Location
Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) Different Locations in India
Birla Institute of Technology (BITS) Pilani
National Institute of Technology (NITs) Different Locations in India
Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Vellore
SRM Institute of Science and Technology (SRMIST) Chennai
Delhi Technological University (DTU) Delhi
College of Engineering Pune
Indian Institute of Space science and Technology Kerala
Manipal Institute of Technology Manipal
Anna University Chennai
Motilal Nehru National University of Technology Allahabad

Job profiles

Biomedical engineering

Job name Job description
Biomedical engineer The job description covers using engineering approaches to solve everyday challenges in the biological world.
Instrument engineer Designing, testing, and updating various medical equipment that will be used for diagnosis and treatment are all part of the job description.
Installation engineer Planning, testing, and updating various clinical equipment used for diagnosis and therapy are all part of the job.
Maintenance engineer A maintenance engineer's job demands inspecting medical instruments regularly and regulating their wear and tear.
Researcher Their goal is to perform research and development in the field to develop new approaches that can then be applied to existing biomedical problems.

Biotechnology engineering

Job name Job description
Technician Working as a Research Associate (RA) entails completing brief research projects in the field of biotechnology engineering.
Research associate It is a skilled position that necessitates well-trained and competent employees to ensure that the company's operations function smoothly. To be able to handle the task properly, all of these are complex tools that require solid knowledge and expertise.
Scientist A scientist's job includes working on research initiatives that result in outputs used by industries and collaborators.
Biochemist A biochemist is a scientist who investigates the chemical properties of biological processes and living things, such as diseases, inheritance, and cell growth and death.

Top recruiters of Biomedical and biotechnology engineering

The following are some top recruiters of Biomedical and bioengineering graduates-

  1. Siemens Healthcare
  2. Johnson & Johnson
  3. Dräger
  4. Fresenius Medical Care AG & Co. KGAA
  5. Skanray Healthcare
  6. Samsung Healthcare
  7. Becton Dickinson
  8. Accenture
  9. Medtronic
  10. Philips
  11. GE Healthcare
  12. Cardinal Health
  13. Abbott
  14. KLS Martin
  15. Hamilton Medical

Pros and cons of studying biomedical and biotechnology engineering

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