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type of communication

Types of Communications

Communications is a way of conveying thoughts, information, emotion, and ideas through gestures, voices, symbols, signs, and expressions. It is the process of sending and receiving messages and the exchange of meanings. Creating a communication requires three elements that are the sender a medium and a receiver. 

There are different types of communication:

  1. Verbal 
  2. Nonverbal 
  3. Written 
  4. Visual 

Verbal Communication

In verbal communication, language is used to transfer information through speaking. It occurs when we engage in speaking with others. Verbal communication is one of the most common types. We often use it during the presentation, video conference and phone calls, meetings, and in-person conversations. It is efficient and important to communicate. 

Verbal communication has two types: Informal communication and Formal communication

Formal communication is verbal communication through pre-defined channels set by organizations. These pre-defined channels conveyed from top leadership to various departments to lower-level employees. For example scheduled meetings.

Informal communication is not backed by any pre-defined channels. It can happen anywhere within the organization. For example, it can happen while chatting with a friend on coffee or in the office kitchen.

Nonverbal Communication

In nonverbal communication include body language, gestures, eye contact, and facial expressions to convey information to others. This type of communication can be used both intentionally and unintentionally. It is helpful when trying to understand others’ thoughts and feelings. 

For example, you are communicating with your boss and it is important to pay attention to both words and non-verbal communications. Here your boss might be in agreement with your idea verbally, but his nonverbal cues such as avoiding eye contact scrunched up face, etc. indicate something different.

Written Communication

Written communication is the act of writing, typing, or printing using symbols like letters and numbers to convey information. This type of communication we use for an email, a memo, a report, a Facebook post, a Tweet, a contract, etc. these forms of written communication are in a clear and concise manner, though that objective is often not achieved. 

We also use written communication to write books, pamphlets, blogs, letters, memos, and more. Here poor writing skills often lead to confusion and embarrassment. In written communication, you need to remember that don’t use poorly constructed sentences because careless errors make you look bad and always ensure the content of the message is something you want to promote or explain. 

Visual Communication

In visual communication to convey information, we use photographs, art, drawings, sketches, charts, and graphs. Each and every people are different from each other and they have different learning styles, visual communication might be more helpful for some to consume ideas and information.

We use this type of communication during presentations, making the documentary, etc. 

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