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Plant Breeding & Genetics


Plant breeding is the study of modifying plant properties to achieve desired results. Plant breeding may be done in a variety of ways, from selective breeding of plants with desirable traits to propagation breeding. It is used by farmers and gardeners all over the world, as well as plant breeders working for universities, crop-specific companies, research centers, and government agencies.

Hospitals, pharmaceutical firms, and other health-related businesses all have employment openings. It instructs you on how clinical biochemical genetics diagnostic laboratories work. Entrance examinations are generally used to determine who gets into the program. There are just a few institutes that provide merit-based admission. The candidate must have graduated from a recognized high school. In the qualifying test, he or she must have studied Physics, Chemistry, Biology, or Mathematics.

In the fields of biology, biomedical science, and life sciences, there are several employment options. The work market for those with a genetics and plant breeding degree is still growing. Because it is such a vital instrument in increasing global food security, there is a lot of demand for this sector, and there are a lot of career possibilities.

Plant Breeding & Genetics Requirements

1. Educational Requirements

Those interested in working in this profession must satisfy a few fundamental criteria. These conditions must be met; else, you will not be able to pursue a career in this field. The following are some of the conditions that must be met:

2. Soft Skills

Candidates should have certain skills in addition to their academic credentials. These skills will assist him in achieving his goals at work. Every student should work on the following soft skills:

Communication is generally at the top of the list when employers are asked to rate soft skills. The ability to concurrently provide and receive information is a critical balance. Make sure you have a firm grasp of communication abilities.

Problem-solving is defined by employers as the capacity to deal with tough or unexpected situations. Good problem solvers can analyze a situation and come up with solutions while remaining cool.

Flexibility is a valuable soft talent since it shows companies that you'll be able to keep moving forward. Adaptability also entails a desire to acquire new skills.

The majority of agricultural jobs need some level of adaptability. When you demonstrate leadership, you show that you can solve difficulties on your own. Even if you are not in a position of leadership, there will be times in your employment when you can demonstrate leadership.

The capacity to efficiently manage a large number of tasks at the same time. Also refers to your capacity to properly manage your time so that you can finish assignments on schedule. Good time management might also suggest that you are well-organized, which is something that employers look for.

They do more research to determine the relevance and viability of their suggestions before proceeding with further testing.

Technical skills for Plant Breeding & Genetics students

The following are some technical skills that will help to grow their career in this field

Expertise in geospatial software, as well as Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, is essential. This will help them keep track of and manage their daily tasks.

It should come as no surprise that the future agronomist will need a solid grasp of technology as well as all of the many commodities accessible. An agronomist's recommendations in the future will contain a significant percentage of what technology to employ, as well as when and how to apply it.

Plant Breeding & Genetics Eligibility

Stream Graduation Post-graduation P.hD.
Any educational board's 10+2 exam must be passed by the candidate. To pursue a career in this profession, the individual must have a bachelor's degree. Candidates can also pursue a master's degree if they so want. This option does not have to be pursued necessarily. The applicants can also pursue a Ph.D. if they so choose. It is, however, not required to do so.
Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) should be included as core courses. They can earn a bachelor's degree in plant breeding and genetics. To get into a post-graduate program, try to maintain a 50-60% average. They can pursue M.Sc. in Plant breeding and genetics. They can pursue P.hD. in Plant breeding and genetics.
On the test, the candidate should strive for a minimum score of 50-60%. They will only be eligible for a bachelor's degree after that. The candidate must pass the entrance examinations to enroll in a bachelor's degree program. To enroll in a master's degree program, the candidate must pass the admissions tests. --

Plant Breeding & Genetics Entrance exam

1. National level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Twice a year
ICAR AIEEA (Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission) National testing agency (NTA) 2 hours 30 minutes Once a year

2. State-level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
BCECE ( Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination ) Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

3. University-level exam

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
(CG PAT) Chhattisgarh Pre Agriculture Test Chhattisgarh Professional Examination Board 3 hours Once a year
GBUPAT (The Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology) Pant University of Agriculture and Technology 3 hours Once a year
BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test) Banaras Hindu University 3 hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
MET (Manipal Entrance test) Manipal Academy of Higher Education 2 hours 18 minutes Once a year

Top colleges for Plant Breeding & Genetics

College name Location
Bihar Agriculture University Bihar
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Tamil Nadu
Punjab Agricultural University Punjab
Banaras Hindu University Banaras
Indian Agriculture Research Institute New Delhi
University of Kerala Kerala
Lovely Professional University Ludhiana
Birsa Agricultural University Ranchi
Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Uttrakhand

Internships for Plant Breeding & Genetics students

The internship’s objective is to teach students about plant breeding programs and activities, cultivar development and commercialization, seed production, and turfgrass production. In most agriculture internships, interns are employed for crop care, soil and plant sampling, inventory monitoring, and delivery, data entry and analysis, and research. Interns should be able to communicate effectively and provide good customer service, as well as have a positive attitude.

Internships include a range of advantages for students. Among the advantages of internships are the following:

Job prospects of Plant Breeding & Genetics graduates

Job name Job description
Plant breeders They work with a variety of plants to find and develop new plants and crops. They do tests to see what innovative breeding combinations they can come up with. They are attempting to discover efficient methods for producing large quantities of crops with few resources.
Agronomist Their job is to regulate the distribution of nutrients in the crops that are produced. They keep track of the manure inventory, inspect it for quality, and oversee the workers. They also conduct tests and assessments.
Plant scientist Plant experts are concentrating their efforts on boosting the quantity and quality of food generated by the country's food supply.
Geneticist They undertake DNA testing and other genetic studies, as well as evaluate genetic data. Analyzing statistical genetic information, databases, and other computer files is one of their tasks.
Bio technician A bio technician collaborates with biologists and other scientists to solve scientific issues involving live creatures and plants. Biotechnology is a field that integrates biology, chemistry, engineering, and computer science.
Research associate In a specialized field, they perform experiments for research businesses or academic organizations. They are in charge of collecting, preparing, analyzing, and evaluating specimens. They also provide master's and bachelor's student’s lectures.
Farm Manager They are in charge of a farm's operations, which typically involve production planning and management as well as business administration. They maintain the farm's equipment and buildings regularly. They are also in charge of hiring, training, and supervising personnel and their actions.
Research Geneticists Research geneticists work mostly in government organizations’ research and development divisions, commercial laboratories, and other healthcare facilities. Their study is primarily focused on improving plant knowledge and treatment of diverse hereditary traits.
Assistant Professor Colleges and universities are the most common employers. They are in charge of instructing and supervising the graduates. They also do their research and help teachers with their studies.

Top recruiters of Plant Breeding & Genetics graduates

The following are some companies that hire graduates of the Plant Breeding & Genetics sector-

  1. DuPont India
  2. Rallies India Limited
  3. Nuziveedu Seeds Limited
  4. Lemken India Agro Equipments Private Limited
  5. Advanta Limited
  6. Monsanto India
  7. Poabs Organic Estates
  8. National Agro-Industry

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