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The Indian Navy is the Indian Armed Units’ navy branch and one of the Indian Army’s primary forces. Some of the most senior officers in the Indian Navy are among the Navy officers. The Indian Navy is the world’s seventh most powerful navy. The Indian Navy has a wide range of responsibilities, from providing aid in the event of natural calamities to participating in wars to protect the country and defeat the enemy.

A career in the Indian Naval is both exciting and challenging for those who aspire to join the navy branch of the Indian defense force. The Indian Navy not only allows us to protect our country from external dangers via water. But it also allows us to work with a vibrant team whose lives are inextricably tied to ships and seas.  They are in charge of deterring wars and foreign intrusions, as well as protecting the country’s territorial integrity, safeguarding the coasts, and monitoring.

Indian Navy Requirements

1. Educational Requirements

To serve in the Indian Navy, you must satisfy certain educational requirements. You’ll be able to start a career as an Indian Navy Officer with these credentials. The following are the requirements:

2. Soft Skills

To build a career in the Indian Navy a candidate needs to have some specific skills as well. These skills will help them to ace their career. The following are some such skill

A naval officer in the Indian Navy should have strong leadership qualities, as he or she will one day become the captain of the ship, and everyone will look up to him or her for crucial decisions and other matters. A good leader must be trustworthy, delegating, confident, and have a positive attitude about all problems.

Off-shore, an Indian Navy officer works with several teams. It's critical to convey the correct message so that there are no misunderstandings in the future that might lead to anything undesirable. Effective communication is necessary to ensure that everyone is on the same page.

While off-shore difficulties might emerge at any time, a naval officer needs to have critical thinking abilities to avoid them. As an officer in the Indian Navy, you must be able to think clearly and rationally, recognizing the logical connections between concepts.

To guarantee the safe delivery of the cargo, an Indian Navy officer works not only with his or her team but also with other teams. As a result, being a good team player is critical for an Indian Navy officer. As an Indian Navy officer, you must be able to integrate your talents and ideas with those of your coworkers to achieve a common goal.

An Indian Navy officer's life may be difficult, especially when sailing. Because the stress is so tremendous, an Indian Navy commander must have a lot of self-control. To secure one's safety, one must be emotionally robust and have a feeling of responsibility toward others.

An Indian Navy officer would be exposed to the natural elements for a long time while at sea. The body will absorb a lot of punishment, and an Indian Navy commander must be physically fit to handle it. Having good grades and a desire to live on the sea will not guarantee a career in the Indian Navy.

An Indian Navy officer is out at sea for an extended period, suffering from the weather as well as the stress of the job. This can go on for months at a time, with no views of the land. Those who are not psychologically strong enough may suffer as a result of this. As a result, a psychologically robust Indian Navy commander is essential.

Visual Standards

Types of entry Without glasses With glasses
Better Eye Worse Eye Better Eye
AA 6/6 6/6 6/6
SSR 6/6 6/6 6/6
MR 6/6 6/6 6/6
MR Musicians 6/60 6/24 6/9

Applicants who have previously been ruled permanently medically unfit by any Armed Forces Hospital for the same admission in the Navy are not eligible to apply.


Permanent body tattoos are only allowed on the inner face of the forearms, from the inside of the elbow to the wrist, as well as on the reversed side of the palm/back (dorsal) side of the hand. Permanent body tattoos on any other area of the body are not permitted, and candidates will be disqualified from consideration for employment.

How to join Indian Navy?

There are several ways by which one can join the Indian Navy. Let us discuss some of the paths of joining the Indian navy

  • In the Science Stream, they pass Class 10+2 (PCM) or XII (Mathematics and Physics).
  • After that, one can pass the UPSC and then the NDA.
  • A person can join the Indian Navy after passing the NDA.

  • They are capable of passing Class XII in Science (Mathematics and Physics).
  • After that, one can pass the Indian Navy (sailor direct entry). (MER exam)55 percent or higher in math and science in class 10th and 55 percent or higher in math and science in class 12th. Students who know how to use a computer are given priority.

  • They are capable of passing Class XII in Science (Mathematics and Physics).
  • Any discipline can lead to graduation.
  • Then, if they have a "C" certificate, they can pass the CDS UPSC Eligible to Join via NCC Special Scheme Entry.

  • They are capable of passing Class XII in Science (Mathematics and Physics).
  • They can pursue a diploma in Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, Telecommunications, Aeronautical, or Ship Building, Instrumentation Engineering, Metallurgical, or Polytechnic with a minimum of 50%.
  • Then there's the Indian Navy Direct Entry Apprenticeship Exam.

  • They are capable of passing Class XII in Science (Mathematics and Physics).
  • They can pursue a diploma in Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics, Telecommunications, Aeronautical, or Ship Building, Instrumentation Engineering, Metallurgical, or Polytechnic with a minimum of 50%.
  • Then there's the Indian Navy Direct Entry Apprenticeship Exam.

  • They are capable of passing Class XII in Science (Mathematics and Physics).
  • One can study law or B.E., B.Tech. or any other graduate degree.
  • After that, they can apply for the Indian Navy Law & Logistics Cadre Exam to join Indian Navy.

Entrance exam Indian Navy

Exam name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
NDA (National Defense Academy) Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) 2 hours 30 minutes Twice a year

Eligibility for NDA exam

  1. A citizen of India or
  2. A subject of Nepal or
  3. A subject of Bhutan
  4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, to permanently settle in India or
  5. A person originally Indian who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam to permanently settle in India

  1. Candidates for NDA 2 must have been born between the dates of January 2, 2002, and January 1, 2005.
  2. Candidates for the NDA 1 should have been born between July 2, 2001, and July 1, 2004.
  3. The date of birth indicated on Class 10 or 12 certificates will be accepted by the commission.
  4. Following the announcement of the written test result, candidates must submit these certificates.

Those interested in joining the Indian Navy or Air Force must have completed their 12th/appearing (10+2 pattern) from a recognized board or university, with Physics and Mathematics as a required subject.

  1. Candidates must be physically and intellectually fit according to the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination 2021 physical requirements.
  2. A candidate who has resigned or been dismissed from any of the Armed Forces' training schools due to disciplinary reasons is unable to apply.

Top colleges for Indian Navy

College name Location
INS Kunjali (Music Training School) Mumbai
Naval War College Goa
INS Garuda (Aviation) Kochi
Naval Academy Kerala
INS Satavahana (Submarine Training School) Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Inter services- NDA New Delhi
INS Agrani (Leadership Training) Coimbatore
INS Dronacharya (Gunnery School) Kochi
INS Mandovi (Provost and Physical Training School) Goa

Job prospects

Job name Job description
Lieutenant Commander A lieutenant commander usually works as a watchstander and is in control of the ship's cargo and crew. A chief officer can also be in charge of safety, cargo/storage operations, the environment, and quality assurance, among other things.
Lieutenant The major tasks of a lieutenant might differ. In certain situations, a lieutenant serves as the ship's navigating officer, while in others, they serve as medical officers.
Captain The captain is in control of the ship as a whole. The captain uses cutting-edge technology like sonics, sonars, radars, and communication systems. Onboard the “eyes of the fleet,” the maritime Patrol aircraft, the Captain has the chance to engage in all aspects of naval operations.
Sub Lieutenant A sub-lieutenant is the most junior officer in the navigation crew and is in charge of the ship's safety. The sub-lieutenant is in charge of reading navigational charts and overseeing marine traffic.
Commander Commanding officers must take whatever steps and impose whatever limitations on visitors are necessary to protect the classified information under their control. General visiting arrangements must always be established with proper attention for physical security.
Commodore A commodore is a naval officer who commands a battalion or squad of ships as part of a larger task force or naval fleet under the direction of an admiral. In contrast to an admiral's flag, a commodore's ship is usually identified by the flying of a wide flag.

The work description of working in India Navy

The Indian Navy needs to protect the country from enemies. The following is the work description of people working in the Indian Navy –

  1. They serve as a barrier to conflict and intervention.
  2. They strive to protect India’s territorial integrity, citizens, and off-shore assets from threats posed by the sea.
  3. Mock drills must be conducted, anti-piracy activities must be carried out, and international trade via waterways must be monitored.
  4. In collaboration with the relevant authorities, they have an impact on security actions on land.
  5. They safeguard India’s marine and marine trade.
  6. They strengthen defense ties with friendly countries.
  7. Anti-submarine warfare, communications, gunnery, logistics, diving, and hydrography should all be included in their training.
  8. They are in charge of the crews onboard cutting-edge warships.
  9. Ships and other marine assets are inspected and repaired underwater by them.

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