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Horticulture is the most traditional agricultural sector. It’s an applied science that deals with fruits, vegetables, and decorative flowers. Horticulturists work with plants to improve their quality, production, growth, nutritional value, and resistance to diseases and insects through cultivation and propagation. Horticulture is now regarded as one of the most quickly developing agricultural industries. Horticulture does not involve large-scale animal husbandry or crop cultivation. As a result, it is seen as a more advantageous alternative for studies than Agriculture.
Horticulture courses are available both online and in person. Horticulture courses are now available at the graduate, postgraduate, doctorate, and diploma levels. Furthermore, just a few websites provide online horticultural science certificate courses. A person with an extensive understanding of the difficulties involved in plantations, nurseries, orchards, and other operations will undoubtedly have a successful career in the field of horticulture.
Horticulture is important for increasing land productivity, creating jobs, increasing exports, ensuring people’s nutritional security, and improving farmers’ economic situations. Successful graduates may expect to earn between INR 7000 and INR 25, 000 per month on average, with pay growing with experience and abilities.
1. Educational Requirements
Anyone interested in working in this profession must meet a few basic requirements. To work in this field, you must satisfy these qualifications; otherwise, you will be unable to do so. The following are some of the conditions that must be met:
2. Soft Skills
Aside from the educational requirement, the candidate should possess some soft skills as well. The following are the skillset or horticulture graduates
In the horticulture sector, this is one of the most important skills students may learn in school. Because the applicant will be communicating with individuals from various walks of life, it is critical at all times.
Multiple jobs may also necessitate quick and complex judgments that require a creative blend of persuasion, risk management, and critical thinking skills. It is necessary to understand how to create and evaluate market scenarios, as well as how to identify opportunities for energy savings.
The capacity to efficiently manage a large number of tasks at the same time. Also refers to your capacity to properly manage your time so that you can finish assignments on schedule. Good time management might also suggest that you are well-organized, which is a desirable trait among employers.
Flexibility is an important soft talent since it shows companies that you can keep moving forward. Adaptability also includes a willingness to learn new skills.
Adaptability is required in the majority of agricultural occupations. When you exhibit leadership, you demonstrate that you can solve problems on your own. Even if you are not in a leadership role, there will be occasions in your career when you can show leadership.
Horticulture is unsuitable for those who can only work if they are pushed around. Several activities necessitate solo work, as there are no partners or supervisors to ensure constant progress and outcomes. As a result, specialists in this field must be organically motivated and gutsy when faced with setbacks.
Technical skills for Horticulture graduates
Students studying horticulture should have the following technical skills:
Software systems, as well as Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, must be understood. It will be easier for them to remain on top of things and manage their daily activities as a result of this.
It should go without saying that the future technologist will need a solid grasp of both technology and the many commodities accessible. Future recommendations will cover a wide range of topics, including what technology to use and when and how to utilize it.
|Any educational board's 10+2 exam must be passed by the candidate.||To pursue a career in this profession, the individual must have a bachelor's degree.||Candidates can also pursue a master's degree if they so want. This option does not have to be pursued necessarily.||The applicants can also pursue a Ph.D. if they so choose. It is, however, not required to do so.|
|Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB) should be included as core courses.||They can earn a bachelor's degree in Horticulture. To get into a post-graduate program, try to maintain a 50-60% average.||They can pursue a master’s degree in Horticulture.||They can pursue P.hD. in Horticulture.|
|On the test, the candidate should strive for a minimum score of 50-60%. They will only be eligible for a bachelor's degree after that.||The candidate must pass the entrance examinations to enroll in a bachelor's degree program.||To enroll in a master's degree program, the candidate must pass the admissions tests.||--|
|Undergraduate course||Certificate courses||Diploma courses||Postgraduate course||Ph.D.|
|B.Tech. in Horticulture||The World of Plants: Exploring Horticulture||Diploma in Horticulture||M.Tech. in Horticulture||Ph.D. in Horticulture|
|B.Sc. in Horticulture||The Beginner's Guide to Vegetable Gardening||--||M.Sc. in Horticulture||--|
Horticulture Entrance exam
The following is the list of entrance exams for students to take admission in dairy Technology courses
1. National entrance exam
|Exam Name||Conducting Body||Duration||Frequency|
|JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains||National testing agency (NTA)||3 hours||Twice a year|
|JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced||Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)||3 hours||Once a year|
|ICAR AIEEA (Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission)||National testing agency (NTA)||2 hours 30 minutes||Once a year|
|GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering||Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)||3 hours||Once a year|
2. State-level entrance exams
|Exam Name||Conducting Body||Duration||Frequency|
|WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination)||West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board||2 hours||Once a year|
|UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test)||National Testing Agency (NTA)||3 hours||Once a year|
|KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test)||Karnataka Examinations Authority||1 hour 30 minutes||Once a year|
|AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test )||Directorate of Admission Andhra University||1 hour 30 minutes||Once a year|
|AP EMCAET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test)||JNTUK Kakinada||3 hours||Once a year|
3. University-level entrance exam
|Exam Name||Conducting Body||Duration||Frequency|
|BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission)||BITS Pilani||3 Hours||Once a year|
|VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination)||VIT University, Vellore||1 hour 30 minutes||Once a year|
|SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam)||SRM Institute of Science and Technology||2 hour 30 minutes||Once a year|
Top colleges for Horticulture
|Indian Institue of Technology (IITs)||Different Locations in India|
|Agricultural College and research institute||Madurai|
|MSU - The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda||Baroda|
|Vellore Institute of Technology||Vellore|
|SRM Institute of Science and Technology||Chennai|
|Birla Institute of Technology and Science||Pilani|
|Delhi Technological University (DUT)||Delhi|
Internships for Horticulture students
Internships in horticulture are for students who want to gain job experience in a public garden with a varied staff. Manual work, exposure to inclement weather, dust, dirt, and potentially horticulture chemicals are all involved. Regular horticultural care chores such as planting, watering, weeding, and trimming are included in internships.
The intern will be in charge of plant cultivation to maintain an ecologically balanced environment. They may also require the intern to conduct some own research.
Some of the advantages of internships are as follows:
The work description for Horticulture graduates
The work description of people in Horticulture is diverse. They need to develop and analyze techniques for plants growth. The following are the day to day routine jobs for Horticulture graduates
Job prospects for Horticulture
|Job name||Job description|
|Horticulturist||Horticulturists utilize scientific information to develop and nurture seeds. He's also active in leveraging the knowledge he's gained to give similar services to farmers and industry professionals.|
|Plantation manager||A Plantation Manager oversees the practices of a manufacturing plant and adopts strategies to increase output while lowering expenses. Some professions begin as production workers, develop experience, and eventually advance to the position of plant manager.|
|Soil Scientist||They assess the quality of soil in various geographical locations. They establish and maintain a database of soil quality and characteristics.|
|Technical advisors||Technical advisers are experts in a certain subject who are hired to provide thorough information and assistance to those working in that sector.|
|Olericulturist||The activities of vegetable cultivation are carried out by floriculturists. Horticulture includes the cultivation of vegetables. At various levels, floriculturists can begin their careers in industry, research institutions, colleges, and other organizations. The private sector is currently in need of these employees.|
|Viticulturist||Horticulture includes the field of viticulture. Viticulturists work in vineyards, studying and producing grapes for the manufacture of wine. To increase grape quality and productivity, they produce new varieties, alter current kinds, and manage pests and nutrients.|
|Floriculturist||Floriculturists research how to develop leafy flowers and plants, as well as how to sell them. Their area of expertise is interior/exterior landscape planning and design for recreational spaces, parks, industrial sites, retail malls, and other projects.|
|Pomologist||Breeding technologies, tissue culture techniques, INM, IPM, and protected fruit growing techniques are all familiar to pomologists. They understand how to transfer qualitative and quantitative characteristics like taste and disease resistance.|
|Agronomist||Agronomists, often known as Crop Scientists, specialize in the development and improvement of food crops by conducting research and creating production methods.|
Career options in Horticulture
The following are some fields in which the graduates of Horticulture can get a job
Top recruiters for Horticulture graduates
The following are the top recruiters that hire horticulture graduates-
- LT Foods Ltd.
- Parle Agro
- Kohinoor foods
- Ferns N Petals
- Mother Dairy
- Godrej Beverages and food Ltd.