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Dentistry Courses – What is Dentist, BDS Course after 12th

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Dentistry Courses


Dentistry is a branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of illnesses and ailments of the mouth. 

Candidates can begin with a general bachelor’s degree in Dental Surgery and then pursue a master’s degree in Prosthodontics, General Surgery, Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Orthodontics, Oral Medicine & Radiology, and other disciplines of dentistry.

In India, there are over 300 dental colleges, and admittance to each level of education is determined by an entrance examination. The national level test, NEET-UG & PG, is frequently taken into account by government colleges. The cost of a course might range from INR 1 to INR 6 lakhs on average.

Candidates who complete dentistry studies can work for the government or in public hospitals, or they can open their own dental clinic. They can work as a dental surgeon in the army dental corps, a territorial officer in the Indian army or airforce, a dentist in the railways, Indian navy, or air force, and so on in the government sector.

They can work as an Endodontist, Pediatric Dentist, Orthodontist, Professor, Researcher, and so on, in addition to being a regular dentist or a dental surgeon. The average monthly pay is projected to be between INR 15,000 and INR 50,000.

Skills required for dentistry

Candidates should master abilities in specific areas depending on the specialisation they choose. Aside from the general source, there are a variety of additional abilities, some of which are listed below:

Communication Attention to Detail Manual Dexterity
Compassion Problem Solving Leadership
Adaptability Calmness Working under Pressure
Concentration Composure Interpersonal Skills
Team Player Conceptual Clarity Organisational Skills

Eligibility for Dental Courses

The dental program’s qualifying requirements differ from one programme to the next. Let’s have a look at the eligibility criteria for Dental courses by programme.

Courses Eligibility Criteria
BDS Programme Candidates must have completed Class 12 in the Science stream, with core courses of physics, chemistry, and biology.

They must achieve a minimum aggregate of 50% (general category students) and a minimum of 45% (special category students) (reserved category candidates)

The age limit for the same is 17-25 years of age.

They should be eligible for NEET.
MDS Programme Candidates must hold a BDS degree from a Dental Council India-approved dental college or institute.

They must have completed their BDS Internship before enrolling in the MDS programme.

Candidates must achieve a minimum of 55% in all subjects of the BDS programme.

They should be able to pass the MDS admission exam
Dental Diploma Programme Candidates for undergraduate Dental Diploma programmes must have a Class 12 grade point average of at least 50%.

They must have studied Science in high school, with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biochemistry as core topics.

An applicant for a postgraduate dental diploma should have completed a BDS or undergraduate dental diploma programme, as well as a necessary rotatory internship, by the time they enrol.
Dental Certificate Programme Candidates must have completed a bachelor's degree in dentistry from a recognised institution.

They must complete the mandatory rotatory internship before completing the course.

Dental Courses to opt for

Following is a comprehensive list of dentistry courses available in India after completing your 12th grade as well as after earning your BDS (bachelor’s degree in dental science):

Dental Courses after 12th
Bachelors of Dental Surgery Bachelor of Dentistry
Bachelor of Dental Science Bachelor Degree of Dentistry
Bachelor of Oral Health BDS Honors Dentistry
BSc Hons Advanced Dental Nursing -
Dental Courses after BDS
Master of Dentistry MSc Clinical Dentistry
Master of Dental Science MSc in Dental Technology
Masters in Dental Surgery Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
MDS Endodontics -
Diploma and Certificate-Level Dental Courses
Diploma in Dental Assistant Diploma in Dental Mechanics
Diploma in Dental Technician Diploma in Dental Hygiene
Diploma in Dental Operating Room Assistant PG Diploma in Dental Technology
Advanced Diploma in Dental Hygiene -

For information on the duration and details of the major dentistry courses in India, see the sections below:

BDS is a five-year undergraduate dentistry programme that includes a one-year internship. It is one of India's most popular dentistry programmes, providing students with the information and abilities needed to diagnose and treat dental and oral disorders.

MDS is a three-year programme that is one of the most popular master's degree programmes after BDS. For those who have completed a DCI-affiliated post-graduate degree, a 2-year MDS programme is available. Orthodontics, Periodontics, Operative Dentistry, Prosthodontics, and other specialisations are available to MDS graduates.

There are a variety of diploma-level dentistry courses available in a variety of specialisations in Dental Science to help students develop their skills in dental hygiene, dental mechanics, and other areas. These two-year diploma courses can be pursued after completing the BDS.

Certificate programmes typically last 6-12 months and cover topics such as oral implants, aesthetic dentistry, and more. After completing their BDS degree, students can enrol in these certificate courses to earn a specialisation in a certain sector. These are typically chosen by students who do not wish to devote two years to a diploma programme.

Entrance exam Indian Navy

Exam name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
NDA (National Defense Academy) Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) 2 hours 30 minutes Twice a year

Eligibility for NDA exam

  1. A citizen of India or
  2. A subject of Nepal or
  3. A subject of Bhutan
  4. A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before January 1, 1962, to permanently settle in India or
  5. A person originally Indian who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, and Ethiopia or Vietnam to permanently settle in India

  1. Candidates for NDA 2 must have been born between the dates of January 2, 2002, and January 1, 2005.
  2. Candidates for the NDA 1 should have been born between July 2, 2001, and July 1, 2004.
  3. The date of birth indicated on Class 10 or 12 certificates will be accepted by the commission.
  4. Following the announcement of the written test result, candidates must submit these certificates.

Those interested in joining the Indian Navy or Air Force must have completed their 12th/appearing (10+2 pattern) from a recognized board or university, with Physics and Mathematics as a required subject.

  1. Candidates must be physically and intellectually fit according to the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination 2021 physical requirements.
  2. A candidate who has resigned or been dismissed from any of the Armed Forces' training schools due to disciplinary reasons is unable to apply.

Admission Procedure for Dental Courses

Entrance tests are used to determine admission to dental programmes. The following are the steps in the admissions process:

Dental courses Syllabus

The four-year full-time Dental programme lasts four years. Dental Anatomy, Oral Pathology, Dental Surgery, Diagnosis and Treatments, to name a few, are among the primary areas covered in the Dental education curriculum.

The table below lists the Dental course syllabus and subjects taught in UG level Dental colleges by semester.

Semester I
Dental Anatomy, embryology, and Oral Histology Dental Materials
Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge General Human Anatomy including Embryology and Histology
General Human Physiology and Biochemistry, Nutrition and Dietetics -
Semester II
General and Dental Pharmacology and Therapeutics Preclinical Conservative Dentistry
Preclinical Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge Oral Pathology & Oral Microbiology
General Pathology and Microbiology -
Semester III
Oral Pathology & Microbiology Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral Medicine And Radiology Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopaedics
Pediatric & Preventive Dentistry Periodontology
Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics General Medicine
General Surgery -
Semester IV
Orthodontics and Dentofacial Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Oral Medicine and Radiology Periodontology
Prosthodontics and Crown & Bridge Conservative Dentistry And Endodontics
Public Health Dentistry Orthopaedics
Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry -

The theory and practical components of the dental programme are balanced. To advance to the next semester or year, students must pass or do well in both theory and practical areas. To successfully complete the Dental course, individuals must do a rotatory internship following the completion of the Dental course.

The following are some of the top dental specialisations that students study at the master's level:

Popular Specialisations
Oral and maxillofacial surgery Endodontic
Dento-maxillofacial radiology Orthodontic
Paediatric dentistry Prosthodontics
Periodontics Public health dentistry
Forensic odontology Oral pathology
Oral surgery -

Job Profiles after Dental Course

Students who complete dental studies will become qualified dentists who can work independently or as part of a government or private dental hospital or clinic. Academically oriented dental students can pursue higher education such as an MDS or Dental Certificate courses and pursue an intellectual career. The following are some of the most common employment profiles for dental students or dentists:

  1. General Dentists
  2. Dental and Oral Surgeons
  3. Orthodontists
  4. Periodontists
  5. Endodontists
  6. Pedodontists
  7. Prosthodontists

Job Profiles after Dental Course

Students who complete dental studies will become qualified dentists who can work independently or as part of a government or private dental hospital or clinic. Academically oriented dental students can pursue higher education such as an MDS or Dental Certificate courses and pursue an intellectual career. The following are some of the most common employment profiles for dental students or dentists:

  1. General Dentists
  2. Dental and Oral Surgeons
  3. Orthodontists
  4. Periodontists
  5. Endodontists
  6. Pedodontists
  7. Prosthodontists

Employments Opportunities and Top Recruiters for Dental Courses

Below mentioned are the employment opportunities which the candidates can opt for after completing for dental courses:

  1. Dental Departments 
  2. Nursing Homes 
  3. Dental Clinics 
  4. Health Departments 
  5. Dental Institutes 
  6. Pharmaceutical Companies 
  7. Private Hospitals 
  8. Government Dental Hospitals 
  9. Dental Colleges 
  10. PSU Dental Facilities

The following are the top recruiters for dental professionals:

  1. Clove Dental
  2. FMS Dental Hospitals
  3. Dentafix Multispeciality Hospital
  4. Max Superspeciality Hospital
  5. Fortis Healthcare
  6. Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar
  7. Manipal Hospital

Pay scale of Dentists

In India, the average BDS salary is roughly INR 3.05 LPA in both the public and private sectors of many reputable firms. As a result, the BDS has a very strong chance of landing a solid position with an excellent wage package. However, the pay paid to graduates after completing a Bachelor of Dental Science in India can vary depending on certain skills, talents, and work experience. Following completion of the study, some of the greatest Bachelor of Dental Science employment in India include:

Job Post Salary
Dentist INR 3.5 LPA
Dental Hygienist INR 3 LPA
Oral Pathologist INR 4 LPA
Dental Surgeon INR 5 LPA

Scope of Dental Courses

In fields such as research institutions, private practise, dental product manufacturers, dental clinics, hospitals, pharmaceutical businesses, educational institutes, and dental equipment manufacturers, there is a growing demand for dental surgery graduates. After MBBS, it is the most sought-after course in the medical field. Clinical practise as a dentist, higher education (e.g., MDS), teaching or research, or government doctor are all options after BDS. Dental surgeons have a lot of opportunities in India and overseas. Students who want to help others can achieve their goals by earning a BDS degree. This course is suitable for applicants who have a high level of physical stamina. This course is designed for anyone interested in pursuing a career in dentistry. This course requires students with a strong mind and the ability to cope with the unpleasant smell and sight of a physical examination. For someone to be trained as a surgeon, they must have patience and a calm mind.

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