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IAS (Indian Administrative Service)

IAS Summary

IAS or Indian Administrative Service, is one of the most state-level the famous civil services in India. Indian Imperial Services was the name given to the IAS before independence. It was afterward renamed Indian Administrative Services. IAS officers are members of the district, state, and central secretariats. They hold crucial roles in the Indian government's administrative system. Candidates for IAS must pass the civil services test with a top score of 100 and declare IAS as their first choice.

For individuals studying for the civil services test, the Indian Administrative Services is a dream career. It offers not just unmatched professional development but also enticing advantages and benefits. IAS officers have a great deal of social duty. IAS are often the most recognizable people in their posting district. Further in this article, we will discuss every delta about the IAS exam.

IAS Eligibility Criteria

Age Limit:

As of August 1st of the examination year, a candidate must be at least 21 years old and no more than 32 years old.
Caste/ minority group Age Relaxation
General 0 years
SC/ST 5 years
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 3 years
Defense Service personnel 3 years
Ex-servicemen including Commissioned officers and ECOs/SSOs who have rendered at least 5 years of military service 5 years (general)
8 years (OBC)
15 years (SC/ST)
Blind, deaf-dumb, and handicapped 10 years
Jammu & Kashmir Domicile 5 years (general)
8 years(OBC)
10 years (SC/ST)
18 years (Handicapped)

Number of attempts:

The following table shows the maximum number of attempts of different categories
Category Maximum attempts
General 6 attempts (up to the age of 32 years)
SC/ST No Limit (Up to 37 years)
OBC 9 attempts (Up to 35 years)
Physically handicapped 9 attempts for General & OBC No limit for SC/ST


Educational Qualification:

How to become an IAS

To become an IAS, you need to appear for the IAS examination conducted by UPSC. There is a three-stage selection process that includes exams and interviews. This exam is conducted once every year. To give an examination, first, you need to fill the application form. You need to pass all the stages with at least minimum percentage criteria to become IAS.

The stages are:

Let us talk about these three stages in detail:

Stage 1 - Preliminary Test (IAS Prelims)

Paper name Nature No. of Questions Duration Marks
General Studies I Merit Ranking 100 2 hours 200
General Studies II (CSAT) Qualifying (marks not considered) 80 2 hours 200

Stage 2 - IAS Mains

IAS Exam Paper Name of the Paper Nature Duration Marks
Paper – A Compulsory Indian Language (One of the Indian languages included in the 8th Schedule to the Constitution, which the candidate must choose from) QUALIFYING NATURE 3 Hours 300
Paper – B English 3 Hours 300
Paper-II General Studies I (Indian Heritage and Culture, History, and Geography of the World and Society) 3 Hours 250
Paper – III General Studies II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) 3 Hours 250
Paper – IV General Studies III (Technology, Economic Development, Bio‐diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management) 3 Hours 250
Paper – V General Studies IV (Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) 3 Hours 250
Paper – VI Optional Paper I 3 Hours 250
Paper – VII Optional Paper-II 3 Hours 250

Stage 3- Interview

MPSC Summary

MPSC stands for Maharashtra Public Service Commission. This is a state level service exam, conducted by Maharashtra. MPSC is a body that recruits candidates for civil services jobs in Maharashtra. The Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC) is a commission established under the Indian Constitution to elect candidates for government posts and duties in Maharashtra.

Every year, the Maharashtra government holds the MPSC exam to choose competent candidates for positions in their various divisions or departments, such as Administration, Engineering, Forestry, and Police, among others. To become a Civil service officer you need to pass the MPSC exam. We will talk about this exam in detail in a further article..

MPSC Requirement

You must take the Maharashtra Civil Services Examination to join the Maharashtra Civil Services. Only then will you be eligible to join the Maharashtra Civil Services. To take the MPSC exam, you must meet specific qualifications. You should be between the ages of 19 and 38. Relaxations are facilitated for some groups; we will go over this in more detail later. The candidate must be able to communicate in Marathi.

Other educational and physical standards must also be met. All of this will become clear as the article progresses. In addition, the candidate should have special qualities. He/ she should be confident, responsible, and hard-working. They should be patriotic to serve the state wholeheartedly. Candidates should possess good communication and time-management skills as well.

MPSC Eligibility Criteria

Age Limit:

The minimum age of the candidate should be 19 years. The candidate can generally give the exam up to the age of 38. However, the Maharashtrian government has given certain age relaxations to various groups. The age relaxation is mentioned in the following table.
Caste/ minority group Age Relaxation
General 0 years
SC/ST 7 years
Other Backward Classes (OBC) 3 years
PwD 7 years
Ex-servicemen 5 years for general
10 years for backward groups (OBC, SC/ST)
Qualified players 5 years

Number of attempts:

The following table shows the maximum number of attempts of different categories
Category Maximum attempts
General 6 attempts
SC/ST No Limit
OBC 9 attempts

Educational Qualification:

Candidates who meet the educational eligibility criteria for MPSC tests listed below are eligible to apply

Physical Measurement:

Candidates must meet physical fitness/measurement standards as part of the eligibility requirements for various MPSC positions. Physical qualification for positions such as DSP, ACP, and others, are following

How to become an MPSC officer

You must go through the three-stage selection process after qualifying the eligibility criteria. Two exams and an interview are part of the selection procedure. To become an MPSC Officer, candidates must complete all three levels with at least a passing grade.

The stages are as follows:

Let us talk about these three stages in detail:

Stage-1 Prelims

Prelims Exam Pattern

Paper name Nature Standard Duration No. of question Medium Marks
GS Paper 1 Objective Degree 2 hours 100 English & Marathi 200
Civil Services Aptitude Test paper (CSAT) Objective A mix of degree and school 2 hours 80 English & Marathi 200

Important points to remember about Prelims

Prelims Syllabus

Sr.No Paper 1 Syllabus Paper 2 Syllabus
1 Current events of state, national and international importance. Comprehension
2 History of India (with special reference to Maharashtra) and Indian National Movement. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
3 Maharashtra, India and world geography – Physical, Social, Economic geography of Maharashtra, India and the World. Logical reasoning and analytical ability
4 Maharashtra and India – Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Urban Governance, Public Policy, Rights Issue, etc. Decision-making and problem-solving
5 Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc. General mental ability
6 General issues on Environmental Ecology, Biodiversity, and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data Interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency, etc. – Class X level)
7 General Science Marathi and English language comprehension skills (Class X/XII level) Questions relating to this will be tested through passages from Marathi and English language without providing cross translation thereof in the question paper.

Stage-2- Mains Exam

Name of the Paper Duration Standard Medium Nature Marks
Marathi & English (Essay/Translation/Precis) (Paper 1) 3 hours 12th standard Marathi & English Descriptive 100
Marathi & English (Grammar/Comprehension) (Paper-II) 1 hour 12th standard Marathi & English Descriptive 100
General Studies I (History, Geography, and Agriculture) 2 hours Degree Marathi & English MCQs 150
General Studies II (Indian Polity and laws) 2 hours Degree Marathi & English MCQs 150
General Studies III (Human Resource Development and Human Rights) 2 hours Degree Marathi & English MCQs 150
General Studies IV (Science and Technology, Economy) 2 hours Degree Marathi & English MCQs 150

Important points about Mains Exam

Mains Exam Syllabus

  • Marathi-
  1. Essay writing – An essay on one out of the two given topics/subjects (About 400 words)
  2. Translation – English paragraph to be translated into Marathi, approximately 1/2 page/2 paragraphs
  3. Precis writing
  • English-
  1. Essay writing – An essay on one out of the two given topics/subjects (About 400 words)
  2. Translation – Marathi paragraph to be translated into English, approximately 1/2 page/2 paragraphs/.
  3. Precise writing

  • Marathi-
    1. Grammar – Idioms, Phrases, Synonyms/Antonyms, Correct formation of words and sentences, Punctuation, etc
    2. Comprehension
    • English-
      1. Grammar – Idioms, Phrases, Synonyms/Antonyms, Correct formation of words and sentences, Punctuation, etc
      2. Comprehension


  • (History)
    1. History of Modern India (1818-1857) particularly Maharashtra
    2. Establishment of British Rule in India
    3. Socio-Cultural Changes
    4. Emergence and growth of Indian nationalism
    5. Social and economic awakening
    6. The national movement in Gandhi Era
    7. India after Independence
    8. Selected Social Reformers of Maharashtra
    9. Cultural Heritage of Maharashtra (Ancient to Modern)
  • (Geography) 

    1. Physical Geography
    2. Economic Geography of Maharashtra
    3. Human and Social Geography of Maharashtra
    4. Environmental Geography
    5. Population Geography (concerning Maharashtra)
    6. Remote Sensing
  • (Agriculture)

    1. Agroecology
    2. Climate
    3. Soils
    4. Water management

  • The Constitution of India.
  • The Political System (Structure, Powers, and Functions of Governments)
  • State Government and Administration (Special Reference to Maharashtra)
  • District Administration.
  • Rural and Urban Local Government.
  • Educational System.
  • Parties and Pressure Groups
  • Social Welfare and Social Legislation
  • Public Services etc.

  • Human Rights- UDHR act 1948, Youth Development, Child Development, Child Development, PwDs Welfare, Tribal Development, and Regional and International Organizations, etc.
  • Human Resource Development- Indian Human Resource Development, Vocational Education, Education, Rural Development, and Health.

(Economy Planning)

  • Indian Economy
  • Urban and Rural Infrastructure Development
  • Industry
  • Co-operation
  • Economic reforms
  • International Trade & International Capital Movements
  • Measurement and estimate of poverty
  • Factors determining employment
  • Economy of Maharashtra

(Economics of Development and Agriculture)

  • Macro Economics
  • Public Finance and Financial Institutions
  • Growth, Development, and International Economics
  • Indian Agriculture, Rural Development and Cooperation
  • Agriculture
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Indian Industry, Infrastructure and Services Sector

(Science and technology developments)

  1. Energy
  2. Computer and Information Technology
  3. Space Technology
  4. Biotechnology
  5. Nuclear Policy of India
  6. Disaster Management

Stage 3- Interview

The interview is the final step in the MPSC selection procedure 2021. Candidates who achieve the cutoff score in exam II will be invited to the interview stage. A team of qualified and impartial members will conduct the MPSC Personality Test. The applicants' awareness of current events, in-depth information, communication skill, and mental ability will be examined during the interview phase.

Aside from their academic studies, candidates must be knowledgeable of current events both within and beyond their state to pass the personality test. The interview is more of a purposeful discussion providing positive information about the candidate's mental traits and analytical abilities.

Job posts of an MPSC

After clearing all the rounds you will be deputed to the following positions are per your rank and qualities-

Class I – Posts-

  • Deputy Collector
  • Deputy Suprintendent of Police (DySP)
  • Assistant Commissioner Sales Tax
  • Deputy Registrar Co-operative Societies
  • Deputy Chief Executive Officer
  • Superintendent State Excise Dept
  • Block Development Officer (BDO) – A
  • Finance, Audit & Accounts Service – Group A
  • Chief Officer, Nagar Palika / Nagar Parishad – A
  • Tahasildar

Class II- Posts-

  • Block Development Officer (BDO) – B
  • Chief Officer, Nagar Palika / Nagar Parishad – B
  • Mantralaya Section Officer
  • Sub-registrar Cooperative Societies – B
  • Taluka Inspector of Land Records(TILR)
  • Deputy superintendent State Excise Dept
  • Finance, Audit & Accounts Service – Group B
  • Assistant Regional Transport Officer (ARTO)
  • Nayab Tahasildarstate-level

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