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Agronomy

Introduction

Agronomy is the study and technique of growing and using plants for a variety of purposes, including fuel, land reclamation, food, and fiber. Plant physiology, soil science, meteorology, and plant genetics are all part of agronomy, which is a discipline of agricultural science. Agronomists work to improve the production of food and fiber crops by inventing new techniques. 

This field’s experts are concerned with improving grain and seed nutrition as well as boosting the quantity and quality of meals. Biology and chemistry, as well as arithmetic and statistics, are highlighted in the agronomy and crop education curriculum. Agriculture employs a wide range of strategies to make their work easier and more efficient.

The majority of the courses are practical, with an emphasis on hands-on experience and learning by doing. Depending on the institute offering the degree, the typical yearly course price ranges from INR 20,000 to 2 lakhs. In India, the average yearly starting pay for successful postgraduates of the degree ranges from INR 4 lakhs to INR 28 lakhs. It is based on the candidate’s subject competence.

Agronomy requirements

1. Educational Requirements

Individuals who want to work in agronomy must meet some basic requirements. These requirements must be satisfied; else, one will not be permitted to pursue a career in their chosen field.

2. Soft Skills

Candidates should have some talents in addition to educational qualifications. These abilities will help him succeed in his job. Here are a few soft skills that every agronomy student should work on:

When employers are asked to rank soft skills, communication is usually at the top of the list. A vital balance is the capacity to simultaneously give and receive information. Ascertain that you have a strong grip of communication skills.

Employers describe problem-solving as the ability to deal with difficult or unexpected situations. Good problem solvers can calmly assess a situation and devise solutions.

Flexibility is an important soft skill since it demonstrates to employers that you will be able to keep moving forward. Adaptability also involves a desire to learn new abilities.

The bulk of agricultural occupations need some degree of flexibility. When you show leadership, you're demonstrating that you can handle problems on your own. Even if you are not in a leadership position, there will be occasions in your job when you can show leadership.

The ability to effectively manage many tasks at once. Also refers to your ability to manage your time effectively so that you can complete tasks on time. Good time management may also indicate that you are well-organized, which employers prize.

Before moving on with further testing, they do more studies to establish the relevance and viability of their proposals.

Technical skills for Agronomy

Some technical skills that any agronomy student should have are as follows:

In the future, there will be a plethora of data analysis tools available. Integrating data and gaining insight from it across various datasets will be a skill set that will make an agronomic essential in the technological age. With the right graphs or charts, one should be able to visualize the data and present it in a relevant way.

Microsoft PowerPoint is a presentation tool that allows users to build slides with crucial information to convey. Knowledge of specialist geographic software, as well as MS Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, is required. This will assist them in maintaining and monitoring their 4000 head filler hog operation.

To no one's surprise, the agronomist of the future will require a thorough understanding of technology as well as all of the many goods available. Today's agronomists must be aware of the benefits, drawbacks, and compatibility of various methods and products. In the future, an agronomist's suggestions will include a major portion of what technology to use, as well as when and how to use it.

Agronomy Eligibility

Stream Graduation Post-graduation P.hD.
The candidate must have appeared in 10+2 from any educational board. The candidate should have a bachelor’s degree to pursue a career in this field. If the candidates so desire, they can also pursue a master's degree. It is not necessary to pursue this option. If the candidates so desire, they can additionally pursue a Ph.D. It is not, however, necessary to do so.
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology (PCB/PCMB) should be included as core courses. They can pursue B.Sc. in Agronomy. Try to maintain at least 50-60% to get admission in post-graduation. They can pursue M.Sc. in Agronomy. They can pursue P.hD. in Agronomy.
The candidate should aim for a minimum of 50-60 percent on the exam. Only then will they be eligible for a bachelor's degree. To enroll in a bachelor's degree program, the candidate must pass the admission tests. To enroll in a master's degree program, the candidate must pass the admission tests. --

The entrance exam for Agronomy

The candidates need to pass the entrance examination to get admission to universities or colleges.

1. National level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

2. State-level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

3. University-level exam

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission) BITS Pilani 3 Hours Once a year
BHU UET (Banaras Hindu University Undergraduate Entrance Test) Banaras Hindu University 3 hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
MET (Manipal Entrance test) Manipal Academy of Higher Education 2 hours 18 minutes Once a year

Top colleges for Agronomy

College name Location
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University Hyderabad
Junagadh Agricultural University Gujarat
Banaras Hinsu University (BHU) Banaras
Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya Chhattisgarh
Andhra university Andhra Pradesh
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Pilani
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Andhra University Andhra Pradesh
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination Vellore
Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi

Internships for students studying Agronomy

Interns are used for crop care, soil and plant sampling, inventory monitoring, and delivery, data input and analysis, and research in most agriculture internships. Interns should have excellent communication and customer service skills, as well as a positive attitude and a working understanding of Microsoft Office, particularly Excel.

Students benefit from internships in a variety of ways. The following are some of the benefits of internships:

Job prospects in agronomy

Job name Job description
Soil Scientist Soil scientists investigate the physical composition and chemical characteristics of various soils from a wide range of terrains and geographical locations.
Agronomy officer Plant and soil scientists who research and strive to enhance the process of cultivating crops are known as agronomy officers. They assist farmers in making better use of their land and offer suggestions for increasing production. Agronomists also assist in the diagnosis and prevention of soil and agricultural issues.
Agriucltural Consultant Agricultural consultants or advisors provide support, solutions, and guidance to their customers to guarantee that their organization or business runs as smoothly as possible.
Plant scientist Plant scientists are working to increase the quantity and quality of food supplied by national food providers.
Subject matter specialist Subject matter experts are in charge of beekeeping training, mushroom growing, vermin composting, and the creation of a biogas unit, all of which influence farmer decisions. Farmers' problems are reduced as a result of the on-farm trial. Seed production benefits farmers by increasing the pace of seed replenishment.
Rural practice surveyor They provide a wide variety of clients with strategic and practical advice on rural land and property.
Corporate agronomist Agronomists working for corporations are concerned about the health and well-being of crops used for food, fuel, and land reclamation. Agronomists research to find the most effective techniques for improving crop quality and yield.
Rice breeder Rice breeders choose parental material to produce genetic diversity for variety development, which is one of the most important breeding accomplishments. They understand how biotechnology has been integrated into breeding programs, genetic seed production strategies, and other aspects of the world's rice breeding capability.
Agriculture manager Dairy, crop, and animal producers are the most common types of agricultural production. Planning tactics/strategies for optimal output, farm administration, functioning machinery, organization of connected companies, and personnel management are all part of their job.

Top recruiters for Agronomy graduates

The following are some top companies that hire graduates of agronomy-

  1. DuPont India
  2. Rallies India Limited
  3. Nuziveedu Seeds Limited
  4. Lemken India Agro Equipments Private Limited
  5. Advanta Limited
  6. Monsanto India
  7. Poabs Organic Estates
  8. National Agro-Industry

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