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Agricultural biotechnology

Introduction

Agricultural biotechnology is a branch of agricultural research that employs scientific equipment and procedures. Animals, plants, and microbes are among the living creatures that they modify. Through the discovery and manipulation of certain genes, biotechnology improves breeders’ capacity to improve crops and livestock. Agricultural biotechnology is the study of concepts, methods, and instruments used to understand and modify the genetic make-up of organisms to enhance agricultural product output or processing.

Biotechnology allows for advancements that would be impossible to attain via the traditional technique of crossing related species. Biotechnology is being utilized to increase agricultural yields and pest resistance in plants, as well as to prevent and treat animal sickness and develop better food processing methods. 

Students who want to study agricultural biotechnology can study B.Sc. or B.Tech. There are a plethora of colleges that offer bachelor’s courses to students. Also, there are several career opportunities that one can pursue after studying Agricultural Biotechnology.

Agricultural biotechnology Requirements

1. Educational Requirements

To pursue a career in this sector, the individual must satisfy the fundamental criteria. These conditions must be met; else, one will not be allowed to develop a career in their profession.

2. Soft Skills

Besides the educational requirements, the candidates should possess some skills as well. These skills will aid him to ace in his career. The following are some soft skills that every agricultural biotechnology students should develop

Communication is typically at the top of the list when employers are asked to rate soft skills. The ability to both offer (talk) and receive (listen) information is a crucial balance. Make ensure you have a firm grasp of communication abilities.

They perform extra research to determine the relevance and feasibility of their concepts before moving forward with further testing.

Problem-solving is defined by employers as the capacity to deal with tough or unexpected situations. Good problem solvers can examine a situation calmly and come up with solutions.

Working in agriculture may be unpredictable, and you can be asked to accomplish a task that isn't part of your regular responsibilities or turn in a new direction. Flexibility is a crucial soft talent that shows companies that you will be able to keep moving forward. Being adaptable also entails a willingness to learn new skills.

The majority of agricultural jobs need some level of independence. When you demonstrate leadership, it indicates you can manage things on your own. Even if you are not in a leadership role, there will be times when you can demonstrate leadership in your job.

The capacity to manage many tasks efficiently at the same time. Also refers to your capacity to prioritize your time so that you can finish assignments on schedule. Good time management might also suggest that you are well-organized, which is highly valued by employers.

Being responsible implies that you are prepared to accept responsibility for your actions and efforts. Taking responsibility for your actions demonstrates that you can be trusted.

Technical skills for Agricultural biotechnology students

The following are some technical skills that every agricultural biotechnology student should possess

Tissue culture is one of the most often used methods in any biological research facility. If you're looking for a career or a placement, tissue culture will be a very useful biotechnology skill.

Gel electrophoresis is another widely utilized method in molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics, and modern biotechnology. It's an electrophoretic mobility-based method for sorting biological macromolecules.

Another commonly utilized biotechnological technology is flow cytometry. Flow cytometry is a cell counting, sorting, and biomarker detection method that uses a laser or impedance to count, sort, and detect cells.

MS is an analytical method that involves ionizing chemical species and sorts the ions by mass-to-charge ratio. Mass spectrometry has become one of the most significant analytical tools in biological and biomedical research.

Agricultural biotechnology Eligibility

Stream Graduation Post-graduation P.hD.
The candidate must have appeared in 10+2 from any educational board. The candidate should have a bachelor’s degree to pursue a career in this field. If the candidates so desire, they can also pursue a master's degree. It is not necessary to pursue this option. If the candidates so desire, they can additionally pursue a Ph.D. It is not, however, necessary to do so.
The core subjects should include Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology (PCB/PCM). They can pursue B.Tech, B.E., B.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology. Try to maintain at least 50-60% to get admission in post-graduation. They can pursue M.Tech, M.E., M.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology. They can pursue P.hD. in Agricultural biotechnology.
The candidate should aim for a minimum of 50-60 percent on the exam. Only then will they be eligible for a bachelor's degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams to get enroll in a bachelor’s degree. The candidate needs to pass the entrance exams to get enroll in a master’s degree. --

Agricultural biotechnology Courses

Undergraduate courses Postgraduate courses Ph.D. programs
B.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology M.Sc. in Agricultural biotechnology Ph.D. in Agricultural biotechnology
B.Tech. in Agricultural biotechnology M.Tech. in Agricultural biotechnology --
B.E. in Agricultural biotechnology M.E. in Agricultural biotechnology --

Entrance exams for Agricultural biotechnology

The candidates need to pass the entrance examination to get admission to universities or colleges.

1. National level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
JEE Mains - Joint Entrance Exam Mains National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Twice a year
ICSR AIEEA (Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination for Admission) National testing agency (NTA) 2 hours 30 minutes Once a year
JEE Advanced- Joint Entrance Exam Advanced Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year
JNU CEEB (Jawaharlal Nehru University Combined Entrance Examination for Biotechnology) National testing agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) 3 hours Once a year

2. State-level exams

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
WBJEE (West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination) West Bengal Joint Entrance Examinations Board 2 hours Once a year
UPCET (Uttar Pradesh Combined Entrance Test) National Testing Agency (NTA) 3 hours Once a year
KCET (Karnataka Common Entrance Test) Karnataka Examinations Authority 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AUCET (Andhra University Common Entrance Test ) Directorate of Admission Andhra University 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
AP EAMCET (Andhra Pradesh Engineering, Agriculture & Medical Common Entrance Test) JNTUK Kakinada 3 hours Once a year

3. University-level exam

Exam Name Conducting Body Duration Frequency
BITSAT (Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission) BITS Pilani 3 Hours Once a year
VITEEE (Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination) VIT University, Vellore 1 hour 30 minutes Once a year
SRMJEEE (SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Exam) SRM Institute of Science and Technology 2 hour 30 minutes Once a year
MET (Manipal Entrance test) Manipal Academy of Higher Education 2 hours 18 minutes Once a year

Top colleges for Agricultural biotechnology

College name Location
Indian Institue of Technology (IITs) Different Locations in India
University of Agricultural Sciences Bangalore
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Pilani
Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth Maharashtra
Andhra University Andhra Pradesh
Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination Vellore
Jawaharlal Nehru University New Delhi

Internships for Agricultural biotechnology students

It may be quite simple to learn new things by participating in Biotechnology Internships. Biotechnology is sometimes defined as the utilization of biological systems and creatures to produce or manufacture things. Every year, a large number of students decide to pursue a career in biotechnology. Agricultural Biotechnology students need to work in real life to implement their knowledge in the real world.

There are also fewer opportunities for interns. However, it is critical to pursue. Internships have several advantages for students. Some of the advantages of internships are as follows:

Job prospects for people in Agricultural Biotechnology

Job name Job description
Product development Scientist Companies that create products need development scientists to understand and regulate the processes that go into making the end product. They work on a wide range of goods in the industrial business, including pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, paints, and food.
Agriculture managers Agriculture managers are often employed in the dairy, crop, or animal production industries. Planning tactics/strategies for optimal output, farm administration, functioning machinery, organization of connected companies, and personnel management are all part of their responsibilities.
Agricultural Consultant Agricultural consultants or advisors provide help, solutions, and guidance to their customers to guarantee that their business or organization runs as smoothly as possible.
Entomologist An entomologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of insects. In biotechnology, entomologists are extensively involved in creating pest management techniques.
R&D Scientist The process of discovering new goods and developing them to market is known as research and development. By producing new goods to market, these two processes keep the agricultural biotechnology sector afloat. As a result, R&D scientists must research new goods and technology.
Agronomist Agronomists are agricultural scientists who work with plants to address problems including generating food, making healthier food, decreasing agriculture's environmental effect, and harvesting energy from plants. Biotechnology is used by agronomists to discover solutions to these problems.
Process Development Scientist They want to improve the efficiency of production systems. They're in charge of discovering and creating new product manufacturing processes, as well as putting in place process controls to ensure that the goods are of high quality and produced in a repeatable way.

Top recruiters for Agricultural biotechnology

The following are some companies that hire graduates of Agricultural biotechnology-

  1. DuPont India
  2. Rallies India Limited
  3. Nuziveedu Seeds Limited
  4. Lemken India Agro Equipments Private Limited
  5. Advanta Limited
  6. Monsanto India
  7. Poabs Organic Estates
  8. National Agro-Industry

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