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CMA (Certified Management Accounting)

Summary

CMA stands for Certified Management Accountant, and it is a professional certification in the domains of management accounting and financial management. This is a professional qualification in financial accounting and strategic management that is recognized around the world. Those who pass the CMA exams are awarded the CMA certification by the Institute of Management Accountants (IMA).

Certified Management Accountant course operates in a variety of settings, including manufacturing and services, public and private firms, not-for-profit organizations, government agencies, and MNCs. The Institute of Management Accountants awards the management accounting certification. Candidates must pass a two-stage exam and meet additional requirements to be considered. The Institute of Management Accountants is a non-profit educational organization established in the United States.

The following are the primary organizations that provide CMA certification:

CMA Requirements

The first requirement is to become a member of IMA (Institute of Management Accountants). IMA provides several kinds of memberships. A regular and three discounted options. You can be an IMA Professional member, IMA Student member, IMA Academic member, or Staff enrolment discount program.

Now, after becoming a member, you need to earn a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university or college. Usually, CMA candidates earn degrees in accounting, finance, economics, and general business. Candidates for the management accounting course must have two years of full-time professional experience in a row. Besides these, you need several other common skills to become a CMA.

These skills may include:

Eligibility to become a CMA

Class 10+2 Graduation Job Membership CMA Test
Must pass Must have a bachelor’s degree Must have job experience or internship Need to be a member of IMA Must qualify CMA Test
With a minimum of 50 % in each subject With minimum passing marks Experience of at least 2 years Member of at least one category Pass the exam with minimum mentioned criteria
From any board or state school From any recognized or accredited college Experience from any esteemed company Choose a category from IMA. Choose a category from IMA.

How to become a CMA?

The CMA examination is in two parts. To become a CMA, you need to pass both the examinations. After passing the examination, you will get a certificate to become the CMA.

The Institute of Management Accountants offers a variety of membership choices, including a standard membership and three discounted membership packages. Let's see which one is ideal for you, as well as the costs connected with each option. 

  1. IMA Professional members-  The Professional membership charge is $230 per year, plus a $15 one-time application fee. Individuals who have or want to have a career in accounting or finance should join this group.
  2. IMA Student Members-  You are qualified for Student membership if you are a current student at a recognized institution or university. The annual charge is $39.
  3. IMA Academic members- Academic membership is $120 per year plus a $15 one-time application fee if you are a full-time faculty member at an authorized university.
  4. Staff enrolment discount program- If your company enrolls 5 or more employees, you will receive a 15% reduction on your membership fee, or $195 per person.

You need to enroll yourself in an accredited university or college. You need to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in the relevant courses. To qualify, you can also get a professional certification. You must complete the education requirement either before taking the certified management accounting classes or within seven years after passing it.

You need to work for a company for cost accounting training and experience. You should have work experience of at least 2 years. You must complete the work experience requirement either before taking the CMA test or within seven years after passing it.

By enrolling in the CMA program after becoming an IMA member, you can become a CMA candidate.

The cost of admission to the advanced management accounting is determined by your IMA membership status. If both exam portions are not completed and passed within three years after starting the CMA program, it will expire.

Now, you need to pay the examination fees. After paying the fees, you will have to choose the examination date. You will choose a suitable exam window. After that, you will get your exam center and the date to give the examination.

CMA Entrance Exams

The CMA examination is in two parts. To become a CMA, you need to pass both the examinations. After passing the examination, you will get a certificate to become the CMA.
Part 1 Part 2
Duration 4 hours 4 hours
Weightage 400 marks 400 marks
Passing percentage 45% 45%
Types of questions 100 MCQs 2 essay scenarios
Syllabus Cost Management (20%)

External Financial Reporting Decisions(15%)

Internal Controls (15%)

Performance Management (20%)

Planning, Budgeting & Forecasting Techniques (30%)
Corporate Finance (20%)

Decision Analysis (20%)

Financial Statement Analysis (25%)

Investment Decisions (15%)

Professional Ethics (10%)

Risk Management (10%)

Must have IT Skills certification:

IT Certification skills required for CMA

Programs for Certified Management Accounting
Scholarship Usually to become a CMA you need to fulfill the educational requirements, for which you need to join college.
  • The government colleges give scholarships on the basis of minority groups.
  • The private colleges give scholarships based on merit or entrance exam marks.
You also need coaching to study for CMA examinations. Some coaching centers also provide scholarships to the top scorer.
Internship As per IMA, the candidates must have two years of work experience. They have to work with a well-known company for the stipulated time.
Several companies hire interns of CMA
You can get paid as well as unpaid internships.

The majority of candidates opt to complete their training at a variety of organizations, including company startups and corporations.

Career Opportunities

CMA holders have a wide range of job options in domestic and international companies. It will aid in the development of your financial, accounting, and management abilities. The table below lists some of the job roles or opportunities of a CMA.
Job name Their work
Finance Manager They create financial reports, direct investment activities, and formulate long-term financial strategies and plans for their company.
Financial Analyst They examine a potential investment's financial situation to ensure that it is worthwhile. They do financial research and analysis to offer data on the profitability, stability, liquidity, and solvency of the company.
Financial Risk Manager (FRM) A financial risk manager is knowledgeable about the market, investment, credit, and operational risks that businesses may encounter, as well as the instruments, to effectively manage them.
Corporate Controller The financial and accounting functions of the industry are overseen by a corporate controller. Billing, accounts payable, accounts receivable, and budgeting is all included.
Cost Accountant They keep track of and analyze all of a company's expenses. Make financial advice and prepare asset, liability, and capital accounts.
Chief Financial Officer (CFO) CFOs are in charge of everything from financial reporting and forecasts to investments and business financial choices.
Accounting Manager Accounting managers will be in charge of the accounting departments' systems operations.
Management Accountant Financial planning and strategy will be the primary focus of management accountants, who will ensure that financial data can be turned into risk-adjusted decisions.

Work Description

A profession as a certified management accounting job entails keeping track of a company's revenue and expenses. Private firms, public companies, and government agencies all employ certified management accountants.

The following are some of a CMA's most prevalent responsibilities:

Top recruiters for CMA

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