America and Britain are two nation divided by a common language (English).
– George Bernard Shaw
(Nobel laureate for Literature)
Modern English: British English vs. American English
The Modern English language used today globally is broadly categorized into two major schools viz. American English and British English.
1. British English
Couple of centuries ago, this was the only form of Modern English that existed. With the advent of imperialism, British English became the lingua franca in all its dominions and colonies (today known as the Commonwealth nations).
These include nations from the Indian sub-continent, few Caribbean nations, Australia, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, etc. Over time, the English spoken in these nations has evolved into Indian English, Australian English, Canadian English, etc. The unifying factor is that the foundations of all of these have been built on British English.
In terms of geographical reach and number of nations where it is used, British English is the world standard.
Map highlighting all those nations where British English is used
2. American English:
This is the English spoken primarily in the United States of America (USA). Nations where the English used is American English include Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Israel and Latin American nations. (Observe that these are nations originally out of the influence of British colonization.)
When it comes to first language, second language and native language users, American English is, without a doubt, the global standard.
How is American English different from British English/ Indian English?
Listed below are all the major differences between American English and British English:
- Vocabulary: The general everyday words used for certain objects differ in American English and British English. (For example, while we go on a holiday, the Americans go on a ‘vacation’.) Certain words can have entirely different meaning in both the nations.
- Collective Nouns: Americans mostly use collective nouns in singular form only while British use either singular or plural depending on context.
- Auxiliary verbs: Auxiliary verbs (like ‘shall’, ‘must’, ‘may’, ‘can’t’, etc. are used indicate the grammatical function, voice, modality, tense of the main verb used in a sentence.
- Spelling rules: There are hundreds of common everyday words whose spellings differ in American English and British English. For a complete list of these rules and affected words, we recommend that you read our blog: Spelling Rules: American English vs. Indian/ British English.
- Question Tags: Americans use question tags sparingly while question tags are more commonly used in British English.
- Past tense verbs: The spelling and pronunciation of the past tense form of certain verbs is different in American English and British English. For example, American English version of the past tense form burn, dream and learn is ‘burnt’, ‘dreamt’ and ‘learnt’ while the British English version is ‘burned’, ‘dreamed’ and ‘learned’.
- Accent & Pronunciation: The pronunciation and accent are quite different for American English and British English. The differences are primarily in the way the vowels are pronounced or stressed.
The English we learn in our Indian schools
The Standard English we Indians are taught in our schools as a first, second or third language is the legacy of the British. The spelling rules, grammar rules, syntax, everyday vocabulary and pronunciation are all British English in nature while our accents and slangs are heavily influenced by our native tongue and region.
So, if you are wondering how to learn British English, this is the default English you learn at school if you live in one of the Commonwealth nations (‘Commonwealth’ is a euphemism to indicate all those nations that were once ruled by the Imperialist British).
This English works quite well for much of the English-speaking Indian population. However, for the younger generation of millennials and urban youth, it can prove to be an ever so slight discomfort or a minor hurdle in communication.
The Indian tryst with Spoken American English
Most Indians who know the English language encounter American English first-hand only when they visit a movie theatre to watch a Hollywood movie (provided it’s not dubbed into an Indian language) or watch an American movie, TV series, music video or vlog on their smartphones/ tv.
They end up having difficulty understanding the American accents being spoken. It’s almost alien to them. (It’s one of the prime reasons why English sub-titles are displayed for all movies and tv shows in India though the dialogs are spoken in English.)
The BPO/KPO/Call Center Boom
Two decades ago, there was huge boom in the BPO/ Call Center industry in India. Jobs were aplenty for anyone who could speak fluent English. The only hitch was that their Indian accents just wouldn’t do.
They had to learn to speak and understand the either British, Australian or American English accent based on the demands on their jobs. This in turn led to the development an entire industry in voice accent training.
The All-pervasive influence of Social Media
With the explosion of social media over the past decade and a half, the consequent global exposure via Internet has ensured that most Indian millennials are quite comfortable understanding American English (though very few can speak in an American accent unless they have received professional training for the same).
The lingo used by urban Indian youth from middle-class and affluent families with an English education background is full of pop-culture references to American culture and entertainment.
Is Learning to write in American English beneficial for Indians?
Most Indians who are fluent in English can live the entire lives comfortably without ever having to bother learning the nuances and rules (usually associated with spelling and vocabulary) of written American English. Indian English is good enough to see them through.
However, if you are an ambitious individual with plans for a career that includes travelling across the globe or landing a fat corporate job with an MNC (multinational company), then it’s in your best interests to learn to write in American English.
American English can end up flummoxing young Indian adults with fluent English when they land well-paying jobs in MNCs. Suddenly, the written English they see in emails and official documents are full of spellings and vocabulary different from the English they are used to. Solution?
Learn to write and American English! The reasoning and logic behind this are quite simple and the advantages of learning American English are numerous. American English is the globally preferred version of English. It will make communication a whole lot smoother.
Is it difficult to learn American English?
Honestly speaking, the differences between the written form of American English and British English are minor in nature and mutually intelligible. It’s easy to learn the nuances of the written American English if one puts in a bit of effort and unlearns some of the rules of British English. Our blogs would come in handy for this exercise. (However, if one aims to speak English with an American accent, professional training would be needed.)
If interested, we recommend that you read other blogs on our website pertaining to mastering American English. What’s more, all our blogs are designed written keeping Indian needs and perspective in mind.